׷Үյ㼣ʥ

4. ׷Үյ㼣ʥ

 

Խ

 

 

ķQumran)(ͼ 1

ķQumran)ɽͼ 2

־ԼֳĿķɽͼ 3

ˣͼ 4

̴ҰJudea Desert)(ͼ 5

̴Ұͼ 6

ҰParan Desert)ͼ 7

Ұͼ 8

 

ΰ뵺Ұͼ 9

 

ΰ뵺Ұͼ 10

 

 

 

 

    ʥŶӲιϴغԼһСʱĿķQumran)ͼ 11947꣬ڴ˴ɽ־Լֳͼ 2ͼ 3䶯硣ЩֳֳΪžķֻмӳ̣ͼ 4

       ǰ·Լӹһ·£;̴ҰJudea Desert)(ͼ 5 ͼ 6پҰParan Desert)(ͼ 7ͼ 8Ȼ󵽴캣˵ɫиۿڳаأEilat)˶г̴˴ԼСʱ

       ڶ죬ɴ˵سɫкؽ밣ͳнԼСʱΰ뵺Ұɽ£ͼ 9ͼ 10緹ɽɽⷴʡҹɽ¾Ƶꡣ

       죬غ캣ɳĮ˺Լ߸Сʱ̵׶ޡ

 

       Լʥļࣺ

       ȥ󣬿ʹɪ˵Ӥĸȥסֱ֪ͨ㣬Ϊ¼ѰӤҪɱ

       ɪҹӤĸף˱ܵȥˡ

       ֱȥӦ֪˵ĻҴӰٻҵĶ 213-15

 

 

       Կ϶dzʥŴ˴ߵ·߲ʥʱߵ·ߡΪǰɽ·һӡ

       Ү·䵽һ̵Ķ·ߡǾصкһ·¿ԵﰣһΪʥʱѡӦ·ߡ

      

       ɫѷ־ᣬҲɫʷϵܡΪɫʷľȶʷʴ˰ҲȻȻؽ뵽ȶˡ

       ɫʷϼλΪҪģϵɫ˵ΰﶼ밣ijϵɫ˿ϵ͸ľȶƻǴ˼ƻһ֡

       ɴӽʡʥŻǡɪЭͬСҮյѰľȶ壬ŻῴҮɫ˵ĹϵҲŻῴҮȶƻеλá

      

       һλ밣йɫʼǰɡ

       ǰһְԴ˵ڰӵAkkadianһֹϵШ֡ԭʮʱΪǰ⼴֮ 175

       ǰɴԼڹԪǰ2000ڼɫ˵ڶǣ 1128ֽϲ游뿪ڶǰɺأ;˹ 1131׷׺Σ侳ڣǰɵĸڹ˺ǰڹٽУǰ˵뿪Ĺ硢ļ͸ңָĵطȥҪʹΪһ壬ұؽ㣬ʹΪһԴҪףˣˣҪף 121-3ǰ뿪ʱʮ꣨ 124ǰָʾԼֵܵĶɺأCanaan) 125ɺش˵ǽյɫкͰ˹̹ʷϣһشΪɺأĦˣAmorites)̫ҲԤɫ˳밣Ҫȥ֮أ 3817135ֱԪǰͣ˵ز˰˹̹ijƺ

 

       ˺Ϊӱܿɺļģǰ° 1210ǡԼɫ밣֮ϵءĹǰִӰӺֶطأ 131ǰɵֶصdzǰ潨ֶطֿסǰס˿ɺأֶѡԼӵƽԭס 137-12

       ȻǰɼҲڶţȺȴһֱûжӡǸʱûòһֳ裬ҶϾ˺𣬼һϣ

       սʤܱǰٵȺṵ̂ռսƷǽǼеIJƲԭ 1414-24

       ΪȻӮľˡǰԼĺὫdz˵ؽΪIJҵ 151-7

       ƺܣǣǰĻ 156

 

       ȻǰȻûжӣ

       صɺʮɰİŮӶǰΪ檣 161-3ӶĶʱǰѾʮ꣨ 1616

       ʮ󣬾ʮǰ֡ٴԼǰɸΪǰ˼֮ΪľҪ 171-16 ʱҲѾʮꡣ

       һεأȻܣλ֮ʱҲЦ˻Ѿʮ꣬ӣ 1717

       ȻǰջǰĻʵԼıǸ񣨴 1722

      

       ԤʵˣǰɵĶˣ

 

       Ȼ֮ĻҪ

       ǰɵĴӣ 221-13ȷһĪƺԤۣdz----ɱ׶ӡʱĴƺҪԤգ

       ֮ȷΪ֮Ŵ֮ǰɾеļԤƺҪ֮ʱľԮˣ

       ǣԤʵˣλɫ֮ʵس֮λ֮سİ

 

       뿴ԼСϣ顷ǰŵµܽ᣺

       ŵ£ǰһѡҪΪҵĵطȥϣ 118

       ŵ£ʯŮȻʵ䣬Ҳ˻ӵΪӦŵϣ 1111

       ŵ£ǰ̽ʱ񣬾dz˶ˣԼĶϣ 1117

 

       ǰɵʷʾɫʷȶʷںΪһ

 

       ڶλ밣йĹؼɫľ÷ɪ

       ÷ɪMoses)Ϊˮ 210ڰԼԪǰʮҡ֮ʱֵпȺɫ֮ʱΪֹɫɫ˳Ӥȫɱ÷ɪͿĨѲݿڣںӱߣǡɹ֣汻ܽڹС

       ˺÷ɪԼͬܰƽ÷ɪɱˣ治òߵ׵ڴ˽ӡ

       һգ÷ɪڷʱھֲٽȥɫȺǵİ֮ءǣ÷ɪַذ

       ڷԸɫ뿪ʮѽѣ׼÷ɪɫ뿪

       ɫ÷ɪ£շתҰʮ꣬ʮ룬䲼÷ɪɣһ·ǰԤ֮ءΪ÷ɪɻ÷ɪԵ︣أ˲ɽңض( 341-3÷ɪһٶʮ꣨ 347

       ÷ɪһΪ׶Σÿ׶ʮ꣺ڰʮ꣬׵ʮ꣬ڿҰʮ꣨ 723-36⵱Ȼһͳ˵

 

       ÷ɪɫ˵ӰԶá

       ȣɫľǡɫڰūۣǵһֱǶɪŵҪɪĺ뿪ػصԤȵĵطϣ 1122÷ɪһԸľǡ

       ʹ÷ɪʼʱĻã 31-12ȻŶŵ£ʼǰ;δó̡

      

       Լġϣ顷Ҳ÷ɪŵܽ᣺

     ŵ£յɪἰɫ밣£ԼĹǺԸϣ 1122

       ŵ£÷ɪһͱĸĸ£ΪǼӤ㲻¾ϣ 1123

       ŵ£÷ɪԺ󣬾ܾΪɹĶӣԸͬİһܿ࣬ҲԸзʱܣϣ 1124-25

       ŵ£¾ķŭ뿪˰Ϊ󿴼ǿһλᶨƣϣ 1127

       ŵ£ԽڣѪߴɫߣϣ 1128

       ŵ£Ƕɹ˺캣أϣ 1129

 

       Σʮ롣Ϊʮ仰 3428 104ϵеҪأĹϵ˵ĹϵԼʵĹϵĿǻɽĿ

 

       ߣ䲼÷ɪɡ÷ɪʮ仰ʮ룩Ϊijɫһ׼˭÷ɪɣֻҪ֤ˣ͸زϣ 1028ΪҪǣɸǹҮյġҮԼ˵ǰͬһʱ򣬾Ͷ˵⻰÷ɪɡ֪ʥӽָصĻӦ顣· 2444

 

       һȻļƻ뿪أΪū֮ 56

 

       ǣǿСҮȶƻеĽɫҪ÷ɪɡ֪ʥӽ϶Ԥԡ

       ɫʼ֮ǰɣɰطԤ֮ءŵ£֮ǰɳ֮

       ɫľ÷ɪѡصԤ֮أĻɫ

       ҮգҲٻأʮּϵȫܼµɫص㸣ء

       ҮճΪɫľľ

      

       Үռ÷ɪɵȫֳԽ÷ɪɡ

       ʮҲʮ仰ҮջϵԲΪͬڣ[ʥԣ[ʥͬڣ[ʥԾģ 11ڵʥķʱȥģԭIJûдֻ֣ӢʥУIn the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God)WordǴдһĸʾָڵʥ汾仰Ϊ̫еͬڣ

       ʷУ˵ʷУʥԳѪ⣬סм䣩ʷʷУγֵ

       ʷȶʷͳһ