ǵȥ֣ǻ-->shangzhiת


ʥ (S. Tugwell O.P.)


ᣬOrdo Dominicanorumֳһᣬ򲼵ֵܻᡣʿɫ˳Ϊʿ
1215ʥ Domingo de Guzman(1170-1221)ڷ¬Ҷ(Prouille)Ϊʳ޻֮һעؽ Order of PreachersдΪ O.P.


ʥ̻ʥɲͬԲͬķʽʾףеʥǻʥФǰ𾴣ѸٳΪĶºĻ䡣ʥ˵1226ȥȴΪ̻еȪԴ

ʥ˽ΪΣµҵ˸뱳ǵ˸̻ܽע⡣·һ㣬ָ˷򡣽̻Ǹ˵֣ȴǼֺص

ʥһλʽʥˡ1221ʱĻʿǣű˺ѻ氲ᣬʵеǰԸĹ

뷽ûʿͬDzûг԰ѻɾĶҲûаѵǰ¼¼ӡƳ֪¼йڵ¼ǽʥ桷The Miracles of St. DominicdzΪᴴʷThe Beginnings of the Order of Preachers

ʥһԸֻԸһλֵܰ㱻Ըǰǵ¡һԸڡ̻СΪ︣ΪһߣΪ˴︣Ŵᡣ

ʥʥвһλر˰ĶDz᳣ʥǽΪص޻ᾫʮһλʿԼߵ£1839ڷָ޻ʱдţʹ͸Ҵ޻֮˼ȷʥĻܣ»ϺִҪ

ֻʷƾùϣʵϣҿκԭΪһȥ֯ҪĥԼǡӢŦJohn Henry Cardinal NewmanΪͽٽʱдΪ磬ӢҪľǵʿΨǵѾʧȥǵĴͳΪĵԺһЩ¶ˮǵؽղһЩþơ

ʹ»еɢΣ˵dzϲ⾫񡣵ḴʮźͶʮ͡ʱȷ˲ٳɫΰҺѧңMarie Joseph Lagrange ׼Yves Congarˡ

1970꣬ڱ»ظЧǰڶԾ䣬ָڵʱ̻еij˼

ȻأǻȤȥѰĻˣȻ޲ȤȻ̽ʶᾫĴʼˣͬʱʷѧ߶ʥƽϸģʹǶиʶdz˵Ʒºͳڽ̻ʷεҪɫ⣬ǸԴƶͻָڽ̻ڻͽĻģʽ糱ʹ񴥽Ƕʶ



ͽ

ҿһλǫʿһλʿѡһλʮ͵ѧѡʿԭʥʮʱᳫģʽҪЧkĴϲѶȴûͷĵطҲDzkͽͬ¡ʥ̻ܵչȫΪʿβ۹̻ʷǻֵᷢǻַʽӦĺ٣뿪ңȥҮջĸ

dzʥķͬγһʱıġʱһǿ޺Ͱݵijʥģʽ𽥱Ϊʥ·ҪģԶ׷ջǺѹ޵ƻ޾ȷʵõ̳Ϣ޵ΪӽФָꡣ

ֳʥķٴת䣬ʮͲϣģͽʼһּӡ桢ƶȻԸΪĵľǵʱĽ̻Ტδܽ־ݵرܶ˶Խ̻ʥͳƸеijЩͽȫ̻ᣬʼ˽塣

ʮͳŷijЩطصΣڷϲһּĴۻIJһЩа˽弫Ϊʢ

˵ڵʱ󲿷ݵ̺˾δܰѴĻȤζԣ˵ķʽȫûбʹ񻯡ټְԱûõĻͽʹЩڶԿ̻ʱռϷ磬ѱ̻˾ͽǵ̳ˡ

ڽ̻˵֪֮ͽĿͱڽ̻ǿԵõģҲ͹ĵķĴ↑ȥ

ʥʥòͬķӦϵҪ˽ƣǶ˽Բһֳ׵ƶȫӦģʽҲһڽȡðգԷȺ޶񡣳⣬ʥİѸʿΪʿӦ͸ʶܹ֮͡

Dante AlighieriֱԲʥΪĺðˡ˵ʥǰˡƶˡʥǰ˻ȿˣʹɺʱѲϵ£ʹЧػȡ˵ľȶĵþȣһȫڴķϣΪһ

ʥ˵ںݵʵʲôĸ룬ĵDzκηʽֻҪЧҪĵطѸˡ

ʥΪѵķǷЧͽǵʽʵͬʿʥ̻ᰴίΣΪǿ˶ʥܽκοʹݱ˵ְλΪʿǰؤһ㣬˵άʳְԱžϵȨζDzרעĹ񾭳ڵijͻСʥһеĹǡʥ̻ƶԭ򣬾Ϊʹܸɴ󷽵ר·ʹĹ

ҲܱԺʴİȫϢ޻ԾԵԤʩǹȱԼȴʧ˱µʣ񣩡ʥȷðվļֵǰɰͷӻӦĺ٣ҲӦô󷽵ĸkıʥĸӡ

ףʥ˰ʱάCardinal Villotáʥɡľ񣬶ɾǵ޻ĴͳǣԴǶͶ޾Ŀź

ʥ̳ɵʽζűǶϵĴ󷽹Ӧϣ⹩ӦdzԸǴʿרȨͬضЩԸˣԼǣԴЩĵ֣ԼѡģʽġʥǸеηǿƣʼûмǣҲΪΥͷҪɺʹ󷽵ķ



ķչ

Եʽȷʵ˵硣Ӳͬһݶʾʥ˸Խ̻ķ׺ͷ

һԼ1195ʥԺѧѧУΪĵһѧ﹥ѧʱصļģʥİ鼮ͼҾһȼƷַվƶˡİ˵ķЧ̹

ʥԱʹͬģΪһи˸᲻κδ˵࣬ΣΪûκζԱȼˣΪū

ͬIJǿţԵı֣ƻƶȵҪԣȷϣPalencia һȼʩվʱ֯ݡ

ʥƺʩı֣ڰ˹OsmaԺǸDiego ע⣬˵ʥ¸ĸ壬Լ1196ʥΪ˹ӽԱ֮һ

ʶڽлѧ޺רע͸ĬʥԱµӡʹ1201걻ίΪԺˣΪ˵ľȶһԸȻû⵱ʿһְĺȴڱ𴦡

1203ʥ鵽еĺ٣ʱΪ˹̵ĵǸ磬˹Castille Ĺίʹ (˹ά) Scandinavia鶩뵤͹ӵĻԼǸDiego ͬʥǰȥǿԲ˳Ϊѣʥ̵ֻӡ

Denmarkóϣ³˹Toulouse һҹʥϤǰɭ˽ɵ֧ʱҹ˵

ڱɹʹ󣬵Ǹ̺ʥ㷵ذ˹ֱɣȥߴٹɻԼ

ڴڼ䣬ıΪһλŮΪ˹Luns̴ӵķɺ⽻⡣δǰܾκξпǸ̴Ÿڡ

ΣǸ̺ĻûOsmaȥǸҪ׼ȥ̵ְλʹ︣ʥҲͬһԸǶԵڲ޵ĺĴ˶ȤμӡԴԺʥϣʿȻδʵ룬ǰͽ︣

ھܾ˵Ǹ̵󲢸ĽǸ˽ڵѵʾڻس;ʱɽίɵϲȥԿ˵ƻʿЩҵĻʿֻʧܺʹۣǻǷӦȫʹٷĸְԱƷΪǰܻΪ˶Կ̻ʱļ֤ɬaMontpellierطΪ˾˲ʱ1205µ³ ѯļ⡣

ϵأǸ(̸۹ )ǷǵҪӦרעؽʥ̻Ľ̵ڶԿ˵۵ӦøĸԼְԱӦòһȫЧͽǵʽǷЧ˽ͽʽǸ˵ŵǿ˼Դ̵ЧԿ˵ķҪ֤ͽһԿ˼Դ̣ͽһԲ·ƶǫѷ˼ַĸ

ʵϣλƻʿ˵ʽDzʵģ곤ĽʿDZΪģΣƻʿDZΪͳģڴһʿԺ⵽رյΣҪʿں̻ܶУЩΣĴ̷ʽ˽ɫʡͬ͢·ŹҪһλĺ𾴵쵼

Ǹ̺ԥĽսͻؼֻʥԣԳ㷽ʽش︣

ŵǸ̲ûµѻص˹OsmaĴãһոµ̷ʽɴ𣬲ʥΪҪԺʿΪǵᴴҪˡ

ֻݵĴ̹ʥֽɿLanguedocʡĵ̳ʮĹ⾰вԻ͵ijɼ˶˽ͽĹۡһαۺһʮ˻عʥ̻ᣬһλڳºʾδǿ֤֧Ľʾһ˶֪̽

֪ڼĴ̻ŵĸ֤ʤö٣ֻûб¼ƽĴ̻ܳõάǸ1207βڲһº󣬽͢һʹڱͽɱ³˹IJΪס

Ǹ̵ζʥʽΪʹ쵼ˣΪǸ뿪ɣCarcassoneԶProuille⴦طһרΪ̵Ůͽʽ໤ˣչΪһŮԺ

͢ʹڱɱһ£ӰŵɭPope Innocent ΪʱDzȡǿӲάǵطĹˣȨƵķһڽַڴ꿪ʼͿµսѪɱͷ޺⣬ЧԹ̾ȥս²ƽϢ߳κڽ̵

ǿµDZɭսڼ䣬ʥֻŬڴ̹ȻΪѣǵĽڵպչĽʿһ»ʼգһλƶմεĴʿ

1215뵽³˹һеһӾסҪPeter Seilhan һïThomas of ToulouseˣԸʥ

ʱѾ˸̹״ʽڽʽǵᴴĿˡ

³˹һ黯ʫ˨D˸FulkDʥĻʾӭίΪʿDzеԿ˵ʹҸЭ̴ϸְ

1215ʥ븻FulkһͬǰĽLateran󹫻飬ʥһĴף³׼ԡʿΪƣһ󵨵ΪƺŴͳҪ̡

󹫻жʥִ޻棬ܳµ޻ᡣʥͼ¬ֵ飬1276꣬Ըʥ˹棬ںŵHonorius̽ŵɭInnocentκ漴ʥʥ̻ʽڽ̻ᵱУǰڻʹƺţΪ۵ġ

Խʽʼ1216ʥѿʼƻ룬˵ʱһԤĵ֣ĵȫ紫︣1217ɲݵֻᡣʱڣֻѱ鲼̻಻չ

12161220䣬ʥ޻ľͷչиķǷرǿƶⷽڱ紫̶ǿʩȼùͲ﹩Ӧ1220⽨鱻ͨ

ҲǿѧϰҪԣ1215³˹ֵͬӢѧʷStabensbyڵѧЩǰĵ֣һǵѧѧһԺΪѧϰij޻һڻÿһԺҪѧʦģһʼʥ⵽ŷ޵ѧ1221굱ʿӢǾţѧҵ

ȻʥǿѧҪԣûдѵĵֳΪѧ߶ѣǵʹΪˣҪõĽѵҪľҪõŵ£Ըʥǵоֹ

ʥûҪһʿ׳ʱ;³޻ϣԲĴ̹ҪļЩдݵǵĴ̹

⣬ʥڽںŵHonoriusΪŮһƶϽ޵Ժļƻʱ޵Ժʧȥ˳ڵȳ㵽Щ־޵ŮԣԭGilbertines Ǹƻģ⽫ʥ˹ƽSan SistoijһŮԺdzٳûж1218ʥֹ1221ʥ˹ƽøijһŮԺͬʱ䣬ҲMadridһŮԺƻڲǴƵ֯

1220꣬ڲٿһܻ飬ϣȥ޻᳤ܻһְδܵõͨʥΪ޻ĻܹӦлԱʿһ˵ΡһDzͬʥĿʥûǿǽԼļ⣬Ը⸨ʿȫȨ޻ϵҪְʿרעѧʹ̣鱻

Ĺ󣬴޻ʽֻһЩҪڴ걻ϡصԣʥûһɲĻ棬ԭһǿɹպ޸ĵģ޻Ĵ̹DzκλƵģȨκηʿǹְ͹һں˺͸ǿԿʥǵɺ;δǰƶӦĶԲߡ

һܻʥⷽʱ˥ˡ1221ֵڶܻ飬֮µصǣʱѲڰղš



ʥı˸

ֱ1233꣬ʥΪʥ˵²űУλʶ˱ٵ֤ڵϣʾʥdzϲ֡ƽ׽˵ԸdzгϿҵĵ棬

ҹʱ̾Ϣ˯еĵ֡ͽʱ٣ʾܸж͸ġʹ̵ޱȳʹΪ߱ศеġ

ȰĵҪ̸k̸ŹκδĻᡣʹԸҵϰܰѶϢˡ;ϣ̸Ĭ룬һ·һکӽʱͬ˵˼ǵľɡȰʥʥ񼸣ʥ»ЯߣĵֳΪʥԵʵͽ޻ܷд˵Ҫѧʱж˼ʡϣʥŰʵʱõҪԣɷļ֧ʱ䡣

Թעʥ˵ɵļֵ޵ģҾԲѰﵽĿĵķҪľҪֱʺͺˬ󷽵ԺͰ޷ԤϵͻԵʥڵIJŻϸԶܵƶȺԷԣмɵ

ʥ곤ʱ෽ĸԺʴŴʱɳġ֪ͯIJ࣬ǿԶ϶ĸĸdzѪͳģһɿĿڴָĸJuana de AzaĸFelix de Guzmanǵļڿ˹ᳬ׿ϵҪĽɫĸ׶˵ĿΪһ޶ģðΣҲǡ

Լ1170ʥСм·CaleruegaʱĦ˻δϳʥֻ³Ϊ̻˷θУǻȼ֮۹⣬ԺպȨ򽻵츳ܣͬʱŶԱѹߵij

ʷ¶ǵʥҵ߷ʱƽ׽ˣϲԱʵϿңͬʱھϲڽ̻͸Խ̻˶мֵĹ۵㣬ĹעȻޱȵЩСųˡһλͬ˵Ҳ֪˭ǷΪľʹϲġıκ˸ȳ˰ԣƶˣ̫˺ˡһλ֤˵

̳ʥ޻渣Jordan of SaxonyЩܽ˸ӲʧĵƽڱͬijǣʱΪһϲֵģһſֵϲֵ¶ƽĹº;˼ľϺᶨĿ꣬׸ı˵Ϊݳɢżϲ֣ʾģƽ׽˵DZӲɫΪܵ˵İ

;ͬһʱij˼ͣ׹壬̻Թһʱĵº͹ĻתĴȰῴ׵٣оֹ֤˸ľռ䣬û˱ƽ׽˺Уҹû˱רעҹ͵档

ĵΪ˶ѹӦʱΪǸ洦ͽŵһλʮʿ˵ûʧصģڹȥУʿͬһIJת

һ˵ʥ1221½ʱԾɻڵ֮ҵǵСһ棬ȻʹǴġ