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Abstract: It has been 1,300 years since Christianity was introduced to China. Christianity was the first introduced to China in the 7th century and is called Nestorian in China, also known as Zoroastrianism. After unification of all tribes in Mongolia, Genghis Khan declared the freedom of belief and allowed existence of different religions. His successors followed the same policy of religious freedom. With the support of the ruling class Christianity made great progress. The Holy See's official contact with China began in the Yuan Dynasty. After the founding of the Yuan Dynasty, Kublai Khan asked the Pope to send missionaries to China. In 1294 Montecorvino, a Franciscan, was sent by Pope Nicholas IV to Great Capital. He began to organize Catholic community and was appointed as Archbishop. This paper studies the spread and development of Catholicism in the Yuan Dynasty under the patronage of the and in communion with the Holy See.

 

 Key words: The Yuan Dynasty   government    Catholic    policy

 

 

 

ɼ˼1206꽨˴ɹŹңζǡŷǵģ뵽ŷޡɼ˼ǡ˹˹ΪԭΪɹŹķ²սƷӣԴԴϵӿйɹžʹ½·ͨǰͨǴ޵һ˿һĵ·ǵľӹȥԺǰŸ˺ʹʿʹھϺ;ϽнΪܡ[1]ɼ˼ͳһɹţɹŵ۹ʱڽѾ൱̶ȵĴͳһйڽԪõ˸ӹ㷺Ĵ

 

һԪ̵Ĺ

ԪİͼŷޣͳηΧеʱϵҪڽ,ʹɹĻڽ˹㷺ĽӴ

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󶼳ΪڽչҪʱϵĸڽ̣ڽ̡˹̡̡̣ּԪһظڽ̣һҲǿһ׹ڽ̵Ļչڵĸڽ̣Ժ̣Ժ̡縣˾Ҳ½̡

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˹ɽͽѦγ縣˾ٳ縣ʹȴӶƷרƹܻڽͨŷ޻ڽ̹ҵĽ

 

Ԫ͢ĽӴ

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̻ڽʿɵɹŵ۹֮ŷҲ½ϵĶͨй˹޸ֶ1263޵ĸ޺常ѰڲԪʵ۵ʹ뵽Ԫ󶼡1266꣬ǰ̵ĺִֵܵɹ׶ƽܵԪҵнӼϸѯŷ޸ЯŸڣҪ100Ⱦͨڽ̵Ľ塢ͨķѧ޴ѧѧѧ֡ѧܹйѧдѧ塢ĵĴʿйҪֵΪȡҮ·ҮĹǰеʥͣʼίɲֵܳʹΪͨй͢ٽŷĻĽŷĻѧӳԪͳ߶Ļ̬ȡǣνʹûѧߣҲйѧ⡣йס17꣬úҵΡ1295귵˹дμǡ˵ʱԪ󶼵ԺӰܴ

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Ԫͳʱڣڽ̴ʿԪͳ߶Щʿʵеdzɼ˼ʱڽߣ̴ڣƽԪͳ֮͢ʹϣ໥ѺùϵԪ̹ϵã̹ϵгԪӰ죬żDZͷĺɣá

 

̴ʿϸάŵ

13ͽŷ޵ľǶDzʹڳʹɹţ޹ʱŷηƴ仯ʮӲڻڽ̵ĴҵѡһλѧŵְԱǰй¿̹ǡʱж̵ϸάŵ(Giovanni da Montecorvino)񸸻ְǣѡΡϸάŵ͢ʽʹڵĵһˣҲй̵һĴʼˡ

1289ϸάŵ֮Яʹй 1294ִ󶼣ܵԪľĽӼźĴڱ׼ãйɴ̣ٺ»Ӵˣʽй̡

ϸάŵڱȴϲ֣þȰŲJ˼²̣Ȱ˵ԭ˹ɸ̡Žһá

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ϸάŵйҪߣ̽塢ɷڽ̻ƶȷĽ裬40711ͯѧϰļ̻ǡ[5]

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ϸάŵйִڽ̽壬йʷϾпԣĻһλҪʹߡϸάŵйʽ̡ٽĵһˣڱȵشֽ̡30ꡣϸάŵǰδеijɹӴˣйĴ̻׶ȫؽһչʱȪݴںݡݼȵ˽úԺԪʱͽѴ6ˡ[6]

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ϸάŵ͢ɴʿǰй̣λʿڱס꣬һλǶˣΪøɴʿ1321Ӻڱס꣬ࡢأ½·صһλŵ

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޵ŵЩ˺ʹʿĻӳԪʱйŷ޹һЩ編Լ͢ƵӴѺԪЩԶˣйķչȽ˳

 

Ԫĩ꣬ԪڷƽȺۣ󶼣1368Ԫ1369꣬Ԫ˳˳󶼣ĮԪҲ½Ҳˣڽ̵ĵڶʧܶա

ɹ彨ԪĸԭڡԪĴչ100꣬ڴйѭϲ·ߣֻעͬͳ߽ͽɹˡδ󶼽İˡǵ˺Ǩڵص˼Զ壬ͳνײ㣬ڵؾȱι̵ĸкڽ̵ġʿĴ²ᣬδռ˿ھĺнй㷺ȱ㷺ӰʮޡȨԣԪйĴҲ֮Ժ󣬴ͽɹŹĮԱǨ⣬Զԭڽ̡

Ԫʢȫͳν׼ķֲͱӻһͳν׼߷仯ijڽ̱Ѹйڵ伣⽨ȨеĹϵԪڽ˥ܵҪԭ򡣻ڽΪһڽйڵУΪͳν׼ݣڽȴų⡣̡ܵҵĹڦҲΪ˹żԪ˥䣬ɹ˳ԭʧȥ˴ڵĸ֮佻ͨϣйŷ֮ĶݽӴжϣйĴҵҲֹ

ߵλ ϴѧӦѧԺ

 

 

 

 

 

 



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[2]        Ԫʷ89ٹ־塣

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[7]  ˳ʿйϺϺ磬1981401ҳ

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