񼣺йոˡԽ

Ļо

񼣺йո

(2010.4.19-23̨帨ʴѧİѧֻᣩ

          Խ

 

 

Ҫ ΪѧĻĿߣ֮൱Ҫʷáʷ漰档ǣΪйĻעѪҺͻǶȶԣ˵йոոڴ˵ȻǶŷո˵һֽáȻֽҲйĻ˵һơȻ֮ʵһжһ˵Ĺһ˵ĴΪڿ϶һ˶йĻҪסĻǶȶԣָչ˺۷ĿǬʢѵ˵ʱΪĩ֮йĻۻ֮ĩ֮Ļ˶ѵ˵йĻڴͳе͸𣿱ͼʹ˽ǶȲ͸еʷá

 

ؼʣ񼣬йոˣĻ

 

 

Abstract: As a pionner of Chinese-Western Cultural communication, Matteo Ricci has played a very historically important role during Ming-Qing Dynasty. The historical role has many dimensions. However, from the point of view that the Chinese culture has been inputed some new dynamic elements, Ricci could be entitled the pioneer of Chinese Renaissance. Chinese Renaissance, the term borrowed from Europan culture terminology, shows that Chinese culutre is going toward a new form of revival. From this perspective, Ricci's role is in some way a pionner due to the contributions brought by him and his colleagues.

 

Key words: Matteo Ricci, Chinese, Renaissance, culture, pionner

 

 

ǰ

       ոһԴRinascimentoΪˡ˴ոʱڵĻҺͽʦǶGiorgio Vasari1511-1574䡶Է˴Le vite de' pi eccellenti architetti, pittori, et scultori italiani, da Cimabue insino a' tempi nostri״ʽʹΪĻܳơ˴תдΪRenaissance17ͺŷ޸ͨá      

       19ʼʷѧ֮ͨ1416ŷĻܳƣձΪϣ۹ĻĸˡոԴһΪո˵Ŀʫ˵Dante Alighieri1265-1321ҡʫ˱٤Giovanni Boccaccio1313-1375ŷĺΪĴʮ̸˽˲뵫ġΪѧҡּҡʫάۡףFrançois RabelaisԼ1493-1553Ϊ˴ЩʹƷѿνո˼ΪּġŶ֮ɷΪڽ̵ڽ̵塣˼Һѧҡ¹ص˹ӣDesiderius Erasmus,1466-1536)ԼߡʥˡҡӢ˹ĪThomas More,1478-1535Ϊ̻̬ȣΪԵ1 壬̻ΪDZµĵݱǣ˵Ǵּʷ綨2

       ո˵Ĵ弰˼ijҲֳŷIJ̬һʱڣո˼򵥵ĻָŵĻȻ岢ҪҪʱΪµĻ׼Σո˴ŷĻصĸı䣬رʹʱǵ˼뷢˾޴仯ֱ仯ʵϳΪڽ̸ĸԼ˶ʼȻ·ѧ߶ո˽İ᲻һһȷɵģոŷӰ쵽ѧѧѧҽѧѧѧ֡滭ѧȲͬ룬Ϊ֮һǰδе˼ϵľ޴仯ֱ仯ıǶ硢༰Ĺʶ

       ȻйոйոʼԺںգйĻķչŷпɱ𣿷Ҫ˵йոѵǻȡǣǿһԣǿԽйĿǬʢĻ˶ʵǿΪйոйո֮ڴһλʿͷϣҲδ֮ɣǰ˵Ľո֮ʣһǾ͵ʱŷո˺ڶ۵ġʹ˶ԣйȻģϾҲˣڶǾͱʱйĻ˼ľ޴仯۵ġֱ仯ԿǬʢĻ˶Ϊ־ֺڵĻľ޴չ仯ܵĩŰ뿪֮ӰġԺһ˵Ȩĩ˼ޣ15271602̩֮ʫԴ𸴡ʫƣң±飬ɲգɽˮ̡ͷʮĿسǡ۹֮δ3 ĩ̫ʷ1549-1613ƣࡶۡһ࣬ζգ֮ҲΪ֮ˬȻʤö߷Զӡ4 ⣬ʷѧҷΪʵΪͨĻ֮һˡ뻪Ǭн֮ʱΪֹĻ֮εΪ޹ۡġѧҽѧѧˮѧ֡滭޲ڴʱڴ롣5

       ййѧĻ֮׵¿νţ䶰漰֮רҵоҲԸӡĽ¼Ϊĩʱ˼ϵľ޴仯Լ֤ɴ˼뼰ʱ֮˵˼޴仯ۣʵΪйո֮

 

һѧ

       йͳdz㡣ҹŴƵмӡˡ㣬Ϊ㡣ԼʼڴʱڣֱΪ档Ϊּ߽һַ

       ġԭ˼μ˺֮ĸɹ㡣5 ɼйе׼ȷʵ֣ļβΪͻġ

       ⣬ֽȻʹõĴʻ㣬磬㡢ߡ桢ƽ桢ߡ桢ֱǡ۽ǡǡߡƽߡԽߡΡıΡΡ԰ԲġСΡڵȶԨԴġԭ

       ǡάԣͳйѧʵãؾĹɶӳ6 ԭ塷ָͬ͡Ϊйѧɹĸ˷ǿĴ߻á֮ԳΪΪ߻ǻάԣԭЩֻһɽԼѧѧǣܿö塢衢ͳͼɵ߼ϵͳʾ㵹Ϊ̩֮ء7

       ԭΪйе²תΪʣͬʱҲԭʣ̺ڴͳ۵ɣҲڴͳ۵ѡ8 ʽѧϵһйոԣԶŷո˵ѧƶոŸΪԶ塣

       ѧ϶йոƶʱҶ߶մ֤ȥʵմأ˶Դ֮´ӷԣҶ˵롶ԭһ飬մӡ9

       ֮ġָͬйΪйѧ֮ĿߣΪй㷨ĴСѧʼѧҪѧϰ㡣ļӡ˷㷽һͬǵʱй֣ð֡10

       ԭָͬ塷͡ݽ

Ϊйѧ֪ʶ͸ˣ֪ʶʱȻʹãѾΪйѧ֪ʶɻȱĻ֪ʶˣ񼼰Үջʿѧ֪ʶʹйеdzйѧʱڼΪйͳѧͷչһǰĩѧʱҪ𵽵߻á11       

       ͹۶ۣ񼼰ΪйѧעѪҺΪйѧĸ߻áˣ񼿰йոѧ

 

ѧ

       ѧձϣѧѧĩѧģ˵ѧѧռһλ12 ʵĿѧҪ岢ıйѧĻָıǸԵģijʽЧıйѧǴ˴֮ѧס񼼰ĴʿѧΪйѧһոµĽ׶Σ߸ǧй˵ѧȻڴѧеĽɫԵġ˺ϻʵȲ˴µѧϵͳ

       ܵѧ˼ҪϿڡ֮ġͨͼ˵ƵһͼȫͼԹѧĸıҪ¼֡

       Բط˵Բ˵йͳѧԲطΪȻЩ۲Ż˵dzϣطڰգƯˮϻУɻ˵Ƹңط̣dzתҹ˵dzƯУdzɣΪ֮Σһȷ֪Բģһȷ֪һһȷ֪󶼾סˣһȷ֪ǿסڵ෴ȥ13 Ȼ״εʵѧ֪ʶйͳѧijǾ޴ġʱ֮ˣЩǿţЩȴ14 ǽѧıйͳѧк𲽽µѧԲ˵

       ״йѧʶʳࡣйͳѧʳĽΪʳΪı䰵ˣ̫ʱ򼫶˿־ʧȥ˹â̫жߵǰͱȫա15 ״θйѧʳڵߵ̫м16 ʹй״ʶʳࡣ

       ״й֪մڵأشѵӵСľǧ˳ʥ֪֮Ϊ֪֪֮Ϊ֪ǫ̬⣬ûһȷĿѧоԴ𰸡䡶ȫͼԼմڵأش˵ʱѧ߾šͬʱ1549-1613ΪڵأĺšԣȷҲ17Ȼѧ߶ԴɶţѰĩĿѧҡѧҷǣ1611-1671Դ˷˵䣨񼣩մڵذٱ࣬಻νȻչңڵϣȻӡдմڵأԵӰ֮Ҳ֪ⳢʣӰݣֱȡ18 մڵأش״ѧУ߸Եس׸ı˱ʱѧߵشСĹ

       ֮ѧ޶飬޳ʢ˥ص˼ǰΪȷġ顷޶Ȼ֮йʿĹ޿ɷϵǣѧ֪ʶ񼡣ֽˮԣ顷Էӳʵijɹһ㣬˲Ϊ֮ˣһΪ֮ˣ޸ĵ飬ͳΪ֮ѧ19 Ϊ˴Ӿȷ֮⣬Թ˼ϵĸı಻С޴ԼǣԪڼ䣬йȻѧԺܸߵĵλοļ㣬йĸʵдͳķ峯·ΪһҲܲ˵Ŀѧǻʱ¼20 Ը֮޶ĸԭϵʢ˥˼޶飬ǶԴ˹˼ľ޴ı䣬ָıԴ֮ѧ

       ʱйġ֮ѧ΢£ǰδҲʷ־ۿΪйոѧ֤֮

 

ѧ

       ݺġͼ֤Կ̺˷̵ĸְ汾ġͼ12֮ࡣ21 桶ȫͼΪѧйʼ棬йѧй˶Ե֪ʶ˽ǰδеáΪԺйѧԼй˶ԵʶĹӰ޴󡣷Ϊ񼡶ͼй֪ʶĸ棺ԽѧʵزγȣⶨйһЩҪеľγոΪȷIJͬĻ޼붨ã˵ʱŷ޵ѧ·֣޹شķַͶͼʶ22 ÿһ涼йĵѧ֪ʶȫ¡ΪؼǣЩѧ֪ʶȫı˹йνļĹԴ˵ͼ˼ɹ˷֮пһߡ˷֮ڹݷͼʷѧҹ15421618֮ı֪23 ʿжԴ˷߲ˡڴһά壨1570-1624Ϊ̩ΪɽͼСйκF1553-1619Ϊ˵ƻΣĩ겻꣩а˵ڣ......ȫͼ죬ֱĿܼ֮֮޿ɰν֮Ҳйȫͼ֮Уƫڱҹۣӷ֣йУͼȫν24

       ͼĵѧ֪ʶͺףĩʶ֮ʿļ졣25 ䷴֮һǣĵѧ֪ʶ״й򡣵ȷֱй֮ǰй˴δйصĵ˵ɵǵʽǻһŵͼϣҲδߡγߺͶֵĵ棬Ҳһ㲻֪ȴ˵Ϊش26 Ƶġͼ״й˽⵽ɽ;סЩ֪ʶıй˶ʶıй˵̬ͼʹ۹ӢͻȻ֮йҲɴΨһȽ෴֤½ѧɿ϶ͬͬʥˣȳѧɵѧ27 ֮ǣйɴ˶򣬿һոµ硣άԣӿĻıȽоĽǶͼʷЧӦʷѧ͵ͼʷ⡣28 ЧӦĿҪйҼ۹̬֮ĸıˡ̬ĸıΪйĻĸһԵáĻ̬ǶȶԣڵѧãȻչĻ档֮ǣġͼΪǬʢʱҪ󴫽ʿ桶ȫͼ

      

ġѧ

       ġѧõĴʻȻʹ⣬ѧӰĪʹĸԺֵƴдˡͳĶԷѵķעġΪڴʿѧϰ֮ãõʱͨеĸΪעһעϱ൫δġƽʴ⡷15841588ꡣ񸸳֮ΪһֵΪҸ1606ġ漣ơע񼿪Ķĸע֮Ⱥӡ鿯кʮ꣬1625׫Ŀʡϵͳ˺Ķ29ĸעĶΪΪĿǣ(Ԫͬߣʮߣй֮ĸϣl,m,nֽ϶ĸĸʮĸһ29 Ȼ˹ԡעΪģҶԺĺƴӰ޴1957йָĸֽУĩĸע¡30 ֽˮԣ񼡶עڽִҲ˻Ӱ졣19°ҶԺʹõעԿעӰ졣31עΪйעֵ50йָĸѱΪƴʷϴָйһĸƴ32  ˣѧеעѧԣ񼿰йѧչ븴˵

       ѧۣעͬ޳ΪѧоѣһǷDzⶨֱƩݽеȻ˺ܴƣεĺָ޷ijЩعɣҷּȲǵҲǵϣƴûõĸĸ33 ˣѧеѧԣעΪֵķͲⶨ춨˻Ϊպѧķչ͸˿Ⱥӡ

 

塣巶

       Զ׼ġѧԡֵ෽涼йĻӰ졣Ӱжۼ俪ȺӣԳΪйոλŷոʵҲһĸˡ֮ԽΪйոʵΪ룬 ȷΪйĸ˿Ⱥӵ춨˻ֽˮΪҪĸ棺1. Եʱʿ̸յϰԺܴij2.顢ѧľõķʼһЩʿг֣3. ѧӰ졢̼£йѧ߿ʼûѾõйŴƼŲ4. ijЩȽѧĶߣ֮塢ѧϰӦڿһϵ塣34 Ȼʹĸԣܲ˵йո帴˵ʼȻ̱ɴʹ޺ʹ˼ƣʹ帴֮ݼţϾһ̶ˮͶһټȦʯӡ ĸ˼ĸ֮⣬ǣ񼼤帴һ塣ϣй˼һ̸˼롣񼸴˵˼ںȷһйͳ̸˼롣䡶ʵ塷Դ˱ΪĿȫĿԡʵ塷ͻԳĻ۵㣺ּʹ̡֪֮ɹ򸽻ϵ֮˵Ժعʤ35 ˣȷ֮йͳ̸˼롣˼رΪ֮ĩʿܲŴӡ

Ȼ˼δﵽ˵ľʶֻܱΪй

 

       ֮Ӱ漰й˼ΪҪļ룬ЩжпȺӵãΪ˷ոȻй˼Щ룬ѧѧȣѾΰĸˣߵѧǰСȻأЩΰʱա񼿰Ϊйոйĸ˵

 

 

 

¼

 

   

İ֮ʵ

 

Խ

 

Уƣ˹İ٣ˮעűܲݸ١ԶֲΪ٣󣬵٭̤ʵأҹRϡӨӨ˼

 

ţԭ״ӱ귽ʸ־Үջᣬܽʦٹѧҵеã־󡣱ʱ½·ռΣżʼ졣۹չأԸг²ѶȡȻʸ־ƼԺˣȻԺDZԡ

 

ջɣǴȣ㡣ɻأѧ顣нòǫǫѧߣ΢ӡɮ裬ڲ׷壬ɪʿ㱾ʱδ֪־ߵdz죬ԽݣϲϾֱȻ֮;ⶣٳ֮աʶϹ磬ȹ̣ɡӻʥĸ񣬺ƹ͢ܣߣл׾߾ʿݣųƸ롣

 

ףɳǣīۡߣĽҲʵ塷ʮԡ꣬춨̷롣ԭݽ塷㹴ɶ׿߼ȫͼ塷ͼر־ɽӣ۹ͨͼ˵Ǭ塷ջأ߸̹˵ָͬ졶¡֮ɧ˱֮Ⱥӡ漣֮ĸƴ֮ʼ档⡷֮Ƿ֮žʮƪʵѧ빡ѧܱ档

 

˹ˣ˽ܰئʼлإ̩顣򣬵ȫ׷û۳ҰټңȻ񡣳Ȼ£ڡȻͽˮţδ󼡣ǰʥ쾕ڡ⣬ϣ

 

 

                             

 

 

 



1    A humanism which excludes God is an inhuman humanism. Benedict XVI, Encyclical Letter, Caritas in Veritate, No.78, 2009.6.29.

2    Tali ergo modo testes sumus novum humanismum nasci, in quo homo imprimis sua responsabilitate erga suos fratres historiamque definitur. ףְִ̻¡55ڣ1965127ա

3    ޣ顷л֣667ҳ1974

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