1718ͳѧҶԡʵ塷־

Ļо

17, 18 ѧҶ]ġʵ塷

־

 

 

 

Abstract: This study deals with Confucians understanding and criticism about the <Tianzhushiyi> written by Matteo Ricci during the 17th and 18th century of the Korean Chosun Dynasty. <Tianzhushiyi> has been known since the 17th century in the Chosun Dynasty. This was the first book that introduced Western Catholic religion to the Confucian scholars. Some Confucians studied the doctrine of the Catholic Church in-depth. Li yi(Lee Ik) and some of his disciples wrote some articles to criticize the <Tianzhushiyi>.  Although there were some limitations of their criticism, they pointed out Catholicisms exclusive attitude, egoism and self-righteousness against other religions. These attitudes were major obstacles that kept the foreign religion from adjusting to a new culture.

 

 

 

о1718ͨ[1]()ѧ볯ʡʵ塷ġ 17ͳ ʵ塷ѧǼʼо, 18ڣǺĵӶ˸꾡18ĩڣ̴, ԡʵ塷˳ͽĴģȺ Ҫ]ġʵ塷볯ѧ֮Ļ˼֮ͻ̳ڴж˼뽻⡣ͨо̿ĻڵһЩ⣬̽Դڽ̱пĻҪ

 

һʵ塷볯

  ʵ塷 ĩ굽й̵Үմʿ](Matteo Ricci15521610)1603ڱġⱾѧԺ͸̽塣һϵͳй֤Ĵڡ˵겻ࡢ޺õ֮ͷΪƶ̽塣 й˶ⲿŨȤ ȻⱾ鲢ǵһй˽ܻڽ̽ĺӰȴǰδеġ ʵ塷Ҫ׷Ҳ˵ƷǶģ ֲ֮֮[2] ʱʵ塷й֪ʶм˺ܴ ЩѧߵĹעʵ塷治ã˳ʡ Ϊܶ೯ʹŵԱѧߺ˶ȥйй鼮𽥴볯ʡ ڳʣĻ̵Ĵ뷽ʽйձĴͬʵ̲Ǿʿֱ 鼮ȴʿȽ룬۱ȴȳ֡Ϊһйijѧ߶ԴйĻڽ̺ܸȤǴ˰]ġʵ塷鼮͵ͼȻصʣʼоͳ֮Ϊѧ

ڳʣѧB[3]Լ顶֥˵еһʽʵ塷][4] ֥˵д1614꣬DZȡʵ塷10һٿƴǵ䡣1621[5]ҲԼҰ̸н˹ڡʵ塷8ƪԼ̵һЩ֪ʶ[6] ¼˳[7]йõĵͼ͡ʮ¡[8]һʷѧ߶Ϊdzͽһˡ[9] 

󣬰ʵ塷ڵѧ鼮½ʣѧ֮𽥲ǰһѻȡ Щ棬[10]Ķԡʵ塷д сږ| T o˲Ҋ ҕ֮Tӵ֮ Ԃ֮[11] ڡʵ¼Ҳ1788[12]̝ʵ塷ļ¼[13] ֮ܶ1718Լ200䣬ʵ塷Լѧ鱻ʽѧΪһѧܣоѧ˼

 

ѧǶڡʵ塷

17ͳˡ֥˵͡Ұ̸⣬ ڡʵ塷ڡΪܵƫĺ鸡ʵѧҲáʵ塷йעļֵ[14] Ҵʱ̻ûдʣҲûڽ̻ΪֻǴһ¹۵ѣΪоıҪǽ18ĩѧ߶ѧ͡ʵ塷Ĺעԡʵ塷Ҳʱ]ġʵ塷Ѿ150꣬ͨйĽӴͶ鼮Ķʹע̵ԽԽ࣬ѧҲзĵ򣬴ʱȻûϴĽͽ֧̹۵ѾԽԽࡣ ѧߺ쵼ΪЩвеͳελʶ˶̻оıҪԡ[15]

 [16]дʵԺ󣬶ڡʵ塷ȫ㿪ʼˡĵӐ׫дˡѧ硷ѧѧʴ̺͡ʵ塷չ 

 ȿ17李B柳ԡʵ塷СӴʵ塷ijѧңͨʵ塷̵أλѧ߶ԡʵ塷ûԵIJǶȢ˵ַ̬ȡҲΪЩָԼѧ˼̫󣬶˳ų̬ȡ ]ͼй̵ľ飬Զѧĸ͵Ϊʴ̵ķʽ17ͳʵѧǶȻ˵ǺţһԺ½ڻ̸18ͣȻ˵ȡ]רѰΪдҪõ־ժ¼Сϵۡľӣá겻Ƚ巢Ƭεȵȡ[17] , ѧйѧкܴͬйеĴ̷ڳʡ Ȼл鼮йעķխֻڶ̽ĹעԼѧ߶˵κݳָ濴Ⱥܶԭ

ԡʵ塷ȫעʮͲ迪ʼӿ졣д󲿷Ҫ鹦ڳʵѧ[18]ĵӐȵĵǶԡʵ塷עǷ񶨵ġ

һָʾ[19] ⡣˵ŷްԶ䲻ŷް֮ߣֺŷް֮Ү?[20] ȫ絽ڶΪʲôϵֻһأΪʲôֻͨҮDzܹþأ漣洦ܹΪʲô漣Ǵħŷ޵漣Ǵϵأ ʵ塷ʾ漣ĹкǿԡѧǷ]ȫҮΪĵıλ˼룬ѧ̫Ժձԣκ˶пܳΪʥˡѧDZԵƽԡ[21] Ϊʵ塷ǺġѧΪijѧң]ڽԱĻԲ⡣ڽݺͳѧѧΧҪڡ

ڶָΪǵ̬ȡ]ˣζֻΪ, õΪҮ?[22] д˵û˼סԼǰΪΡʵ塷̵ֻ˵Ǵģ̵˵ȫûдΪǵ̬ȡ ڡʵ塷̵ֻ˵ϴ˹IJᣬлߡ[23] Ϊ]ЩţѧΪֻ̺ʮЦٲѡʩַߣѧѹȷ̡ѧ֮һΪƭϰյа̡ҲΪ̵ֻ˵̵˵޼[24] һӣڡѧʴ˵֮졣؟o֮تzߡmúc}ƼY֮xͬ㣶Y֮ٔnȻȻпЦߡ񠑴ˌWߡYݶ\ɡtһħҲ[25] Ըȼ룬ǰ棬ЩŶìܡ޷Բ˵ġ

ѧ˵һ塣Ϊܹȥ£Ϊ˱µ¡ָЩǺ뷨[26] ѧϷֱζΪʵ棬ζԶҵ棬ӦҪĵѧ˼룬ѡΪʱӦǶӦҪǷԴҵ[27] ΪΪĸϣѧѧ˾죬ֻΪԼôϵۡǴ塣 ѧʥȴΪʵıԣףԾ졣

Щݿ˵ǴӳѧԼļֵڽ̵ļֵ۱Ƚ϶Ľ֤ͨͿѧ֤κ֪ʶ˿ѧķչⲻѰһʥѧ[28] Ϊѧļֵйʥǵָ̱̽ӹ

Щ]ġʵ塷˵ǹڻ̵׼ȷ ΪѧǶ̵Ľ岢ȫ⡣ǿԵóһۣ]е˶ѧʺĻ ĻĻУʿײһ⡣ΪԼ˼Ļȱ˵ĸ㡣̴ʿں̵ʱ򳣳ƴ]Ҳ⣬ˡʵ塷⵽˳ѧǵǿҷԡ]ѧԺ͸̽壬ûȫ˽̺塣 ǻָᷢѧ]֮ڽԵĸ죬ϵĽ˱ϵIJͻңһ᷸˶ƺ͵Ĵ

 

ѧҵ֮

17, 18B⡢Ȼʵġʵ塷ѧ鼮⣬Ȼ]дġʵ塷ȷʵһЩ⣬dzѧҵҲȫǡΡʷߡ˼ӰǵĿЩ³̵ĴģȺ[29]Ϊȷ˽⳯ѧҶڡʵ塷ҪָеԺͱ

һ, ڳʣ̵Ĵ鼮ʣڶֱ鼮Ȼؾʹԡʱ˼ҪӦ˵ʱĶ˼ҪIJȫͬѧһڡʵ塷ѧ鼮̽ûпŵ۹̣ЩƬġ ̵Ĵʿвͺͱ֤ĻᣬôѧǾͿԶиһЩ⡣ȱĻᣬdzѧǶƫҲˡ

ڶѧĻ˼뱳ľޡ]Իڽ̵˵ʱѧǰ䵱ɶѧ⡣]ֻйŵнϵۻˣû˼ѧġִļѧ߷]ͳѧ֮ϵIJ졣[30] ѧ˼Ϊѧǰ]˵ȫһĽң]йΪйдˡʵ塷ΪдģûпǹĶߡЩҲϰԭ

һֱʩַ һΧӰ쵽ѧЩڳ谭ѧĶԪչΪDzѧʵĶ֮١ѧΪߵѧʺڽ̡෴ΪԻϰյа̡ ]Ӧ̺ͨ⵱ʱĻԱ˽д̺Ӱ졣 ַµijѧȻΪҲǺͷһа̡겻˵ЩҲǺͷһţͷͬһϵ[31]

ģڶԡʵ塷ϴα ڵͽ󲿷[32]ѧǡʵѧߴ󲿷Ǵ˳ģܵѧѧʵӰ졣ʵ塷ЩеĴЩĵѧϰѧĹУ̵dzʽһֱϣʱڵдڲλIJֵӺܵԺ»ΪĵߡIJֵд̺͡ʵ塷¡磬дˡѧ롶ѧʴ𡷵İ֮ŮȨ̵˶ȨȵԺ󣬰»Ⱥ͵˵ĿʵΪͬתдʵ塷¡[33]

ЩΡʷߡ˼ؿ˵谭˶ԡʵ塷Ŀ͹⡣Ӱ]볯ѧ֮ĶԻΪǡDZֶڽ̽ͻĵӡ

 

ݹ1718ͳѧǶڡʵ塷⡣dzźû̸ԡʵ塷ֿ϶̬ȵоߵһֵޡȨȡΪڳʵѧչáвͬDzûнΪֻ֪Լչ̽ͽ

ȻΡᡢ˼ϵľʹѧʧȥ˿͹۵УǶԡʵ塷Ȼ൱ġѧǰڡʵ塷ԡƺóIJ˰ϡΪвͳģ֪ͶԴЩкԿڽ̽ӴĻʱ⡣ĸڽЩԡƺ壬ôκڽ̶DzܻӭġˣڽӦάڽڣͬʱȻȻ21͵ڽ˵Ҫ

 

                         ߵλѧڽѧ2009ʿ

 

 



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[3]      B⣨1563~1628꣩ʵѧ˶ȷ棬ѧߣʹڣй-15901611

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[5]      1559-1623꣩ʱij˵ѧҡ

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[8]      ̵ģʮ

[9]      Bġ֥˵ġǺw˵羰ġüֺԴġҼмʮ¡S֮ʹЇʶȻtаW֮|ȑ޶ʼӡWа֮֮݅NhҲՓһ؞˺аf֮öƫҲֺԴҼr֮ wx

[10]     1712-1791꣩ʳڵʵѧ

[11]     ѧ ءCCļ֮ʮߣ сږ| T o˲Ҋ ҕ֮Tӵ֮ Ԃ֮

[12]     ʱĹְ

[13]     ʵ¼ 26, 121788 /峯Ǭ¡ 53 8 3(ɳ)h̝Ի: ^W, , FҒҊx

[14]     Ja-Gyoung Hanѧ׶ 滨ŮӴѧ沿2008238ҳ

[15]     ѧԹî׳g֮݅вŚߡW֮fϵHtʹȻ档һxЇ}֮һʶw춮

[16]     1681~1763꣩ʺڵʵѧߣʵѧʣǺwf޽n䛡 ȡ

 

[17]     顶ʵ塷ءѧۼ56ţ1983256ҳ

[18]     ʵѧǴ17ͺڵ19ͱŸĸһֳѧѧ磬ʵǡ

[19]     Ja-Gyoung Han, 262ҳ

[20]     ʵءʵ塷׶׶ѧ沿1999444ҳԚW_Ԗ|䲻„W_֮ߣֺΟoFƚW_֮NN`Ү?

[21]     Ja-Gyoung Han, 262ҳ

[22]     443ҳtΪ݆؞ǡõتzҮ?

[23]     ]ʵءʵ塷׶׶ѧ沿1999234ҳț]֮ᣬT~ߡ˕rZ©⣬ԼψDTд݆ޒ֮ٶNԣ݋ʡ^

[24]     ѧʴ ¼ ءCCļ֮ʮߡԻ֮ӡ֮f`õتz֮ZԻ˾ǮˡǷ֮eҲ

[25]     ѧʴ 

[26]     ѧʴW֮تzǠһ֮˽

[27]     Ja-Gyoung Han267ҳ

[28]     ѧʴ֮Wm^w}^}WҲ

[29]     ̵4ȺȺ1791꣩ݷȺ1801꣩Ⱥ1839꣩Ⱥ1866-1873

[30]     ޶ڐġѧ硷оءϸо46ţ197212-26ҳ]Ϊϵ־ĴڣѧΪȻشڡ

[31]          qC W-xVl17ҳ õتz `֮f Ƿ֮f δLҊ֮ δ֪춷ߺҲ, ͬ Ҳ. ^^ʰ֮NՓ Գ ]T ͽ֮ ֮\Ҳ

[32]     ʱӖ|˳֮һ

[33]     ʳ˼ij׶ʥŮӴѧ沿2008164ҳ