ɽͽṹ̽

Ļо

ɽͽṹ̽

 

 

 

Abstract: Among Shanxi Catholics, women constituted a certain part of total Catholic

population. The young Catholics took large majority. The old and young proportion of Catholics was smaller than that of Shanxi population at that time. The Catholic population has got increasing. The economic and cultural structure of Catholics was equal to that of Shanxi population at that time.

 

 

׼Уͽƶ֮͹ͶӪĽ塣˿߽ݬ񡱣ͽթع֣֮ȡƽŰա [1] ʧΪʱߵ֣ӦҲԽͽdzӣߴӲΪ˽󡣷߻ΪղԳ֣Կδʧ䱾ԣΪƣΪϵԮ淨֮ģ˸֮¡ [2]       

ôɽͽһȺʲôˣǵ䡢Ա𡢾áĻȻṹΣ,һֱȱԽͽľоĽʹáActa Ordinis Fratrum Minorum.1882-1954(İ汾Ƿø1920͸ı桢ͳֵȳ)1900ɽѳߵϺͱ߶ɽͬ˷ݡ̫ԭIJɷü¼Դг̽֡

һ ɽͽԱṹ

Acta Ordinis Fratrum Minorum.1882-1954¼ɽ̫ԭͽ825ˣŮͽ379нͽ446Ͼº1024ͽУԱ7ˣŮͽ514ˣнͽ503ˣϾŮͽԶнͽ

ͽͳϣɽͽŮ֮Ϊ117q7100ϾŮͽ֮Ϊ97q9100ȫŮͽ֮Ϊ106q3100ڽɽ⽨˼ٹ̣Ů֮ʢУʹɽ˿Աȫλ̷䣬Դ131636ˣŮ83983ˣԱΪ1571880꣬43844ˣŮ33988ˣԱΪ1301910꣬ɽʡ5810855ˣŮ4288280ˣԱΪ135q5ȫ֮ס[3]˵ɽͽԱҪСȫʡ˿ԱرºŮͽнͽԱСڵ˿ԱͬʱҲڽɽУŮ̵ıҪԡ

ͳɽᣬŮԵְǡӡŮȼͶŲŲƷеĻ淶νΡլͨǽֹŮ޹ʴšΣҪŮ޹ʲŻ¸񡢲ΡСŮѹƣ̸л⽻빫СֻճڼУζͳġŮʹŮڼҴӸ޴ӷ򣬷ӣźɷŮȫ˵͵λٱӸصѹʹǸشڽ̻ѰҽѣνŮŹ񣬺ԡŮҪϸĹ֮ѵûԽɣڼͥеĵλǼȶģǺܴģŮ޲űǵ¡ǻûжֵĻᣬʹҲôʾϼȿ顣һԣɷ򡢸֮нĻᡣ֮DZԸҪij־Уϣڤڤ֮лг˵Ǹıϵ͵ĵλ [4]˺ܶŮԲμӽ㡢Ըڽ̻ԾΪڣΪĿġ

ÿնкܶգٰڶԻ̳ŷҮ⣬粢ʥĸǣŮڸŮеҪԣҪͬԱ𣬴ӶڹϿԸŮṩضķȽϽӽ [5]ŮƽȣŮͽнͽƽȲμӸֹҮհ˺Ů˶򵥵ؿҪĸˣԼĺ߻ѡŮṩIJǶصĶͬȵķûרΪŮ涨һŮDZѭĸ¡[5]Խ϶ŮԼ̣Ƚ̻ѰҾСοĸѹҴ̲ŮƽȵĽѰҵŮļֵ壬ͬʱ̻ͨϷڽ̻ḻ䵥ӴʶˣҰ

ͨŮλ͡ۺѹǾܹĥѵĹѸdzڶ֧żͥȹįʱ⣬ڽ̻ձ顣ϾͽУ26Ѹͽ15Ѹеֻʮ꣬еĻΪвϵ̽жõʹƽ͵ؽʹʹ̵ۣĻܵճĵζįģǶĵĽͽϵѳ

ɽͽṹ

379ŮͽУ05ߣ47ˣ610ߣ62ˣ1115ߣ50ˣ1619ߣ21ˣ2029ߣ41ˣ3039ߣ50ˣ4049ߣ29ˣ5059ߣ29ˣ6034ˣ16ˡ

446нͽУ05ߣ49ˣ610ߣ59ˣ1115ߣ34ˣ1619ߣ34ˣ2029ߣ55ˣ3039ߣ55ˣ4049ߣ56ˣ5059ߣ44ˣ6044ˣ16ˡ

ͽУ014283ˣռܽͽ34q3%65ϵ42ˣռ5%нͽ16-59244ˣռ54q3%Ůͽ16-54158ˣռ41q6%λΪ27ꣻٱΪ14q8

Ͼ514ŮͽУ05ߣ100ˣ610ߣ85ˣ1115ߣ46ˣ1619ߣ29ˣ2029ߣ64ˣ3039ߣ33ˣ4049ߣ49ˣ5059ߣ36ˣ6050ˣ23ˡ

Ͼ503нͽУ05ߣ94ˣ610ߣ71ˣ1115ߣ50ˣ1619ߣ38ˣ2029ߣ50ˣ3039ߣ46ˣ4049ߣ54ˣ5059ߣ54ˣ6028ˣ18ˡ

ɽϾͽУ014436ˣռ42q6%65ϵ39ˣռ3q8%нͽ1659242ˣռ48q1%Ůͽ1654199ˣռ38q7%λΪ16ٱΪ8q9

Ϲ˿ڵ˿ڵ乹ɷΪ࣬ͣͣ͡׼£

1Ϲ˿乹ͱ׼

ٶϵ%

ϵ%

ٱȣ%

λ꣩

40

4

15

20

3040

47

1530

2030

30

7

30

30

עͣ1q˱ï˿ڽṹѧй˿ڳ1991棩33ҳС

  2qٶϵָ14ͯռ˿ı

  3qϵָ65ռ˿ı

4qٱȣָռͯıء

5qλָ˿а˿Ӧ䡣[7]

 

Ͽ֪ɽͽ˿ṹϾṹɽ˿ṹ͡ͳ1912꣬ɽʡٶ˿202.55ˣΪ20.30%˿92.25ˣΪ9.28%ٱΪ45.71λΪ32.59[8]乹ɣ͵˿ڽ1900ɽ˿ṹҲӦ͡Ϊй˿ڽṹԽϵͣȴԽϸߣ˿ٶ൱[9] 1877-1911,˿ƽΪ-1.13%,1840-1911˿ƽΪ-0.45, [10]1877ɽ˿½˿ʸֵǽͽ˿ڳȶͣ͡ڽɽչͽӣ߶ԽɽͽͳҲ˵һ㡣

й涨ͶԴΪ1659꣬ŮΪ1654ꡣԪɽ1660ռ65.5%[11]ֿ֪ɽϱijͽռضС֣˵ʱɽ׳Խ١ȻЩͽԱͣͯռ󣬳˸ŮͯߣȺ⣬˵̻ߣעϴͯСͯ

ɽͽľýṹĻṹ

ĩ̳ɽʱٸ߹پѧʿ̡1724Ӻʵ̺󣬳͢а̣Ϊڡ飬ΪкʿײһѿƾˡЧҳ͢Ϊʸ־ƵҪĿ꣬˺׷;̡ʱĽͽǾסƫƧɽũˣνΪɽ־ߡ[12]

1860̽ȫ󣬴ʿҪԭͽ۾ӴΪģɢ

ڽʿƽԭ󲿷ֱ᫵ɽҰĴ塣߻߷˴ͬ˷ȫ̵㣬ڷЩׯϽͽʱе˶˵ǵǰŽΪʿ󣬲Ʋʱȼáʱûʿӹļ˴Ǯڴ̡ë¿Ụ̋Žߣ12顣Ļȫ֪ȫܣ֪ûʿжǮFrancisco Fogolla۵ؽͽĽѣһϡ [13]ͬ1922֮󻮹ʥĸʥĻᣬʥĸʥĻĴʿҲͨʩ̡̹ͬӡһҾΪҾƶ޷̵ġ[14]ڵҵܶࡣǣҲǮˡĻ̡˷ĥʯ壬1870ϿƵһ̣ǸʱΪ[15]˷ǰկ֮ʱǽʦ£Richard Bindeṛཻͬ壬1928ȫһẒ̌ǮΪѰ̻ᱣ̡[16]

ڽм̫ԭһֽͽĩ̵˽ͽĺǴҪũҵ,پ̡нͽֵءԷꡣ[17]ı칵־ԣũΪҵͽ൱һ˱Ƚƶ̫ԭ壬ͽȱٴʱҴʿӼãеĽͽûеطס񸸸ӻػƶȢϱߣ񸸻ѱŮΪޡ[18]ȻҲܸԣũܴκһͽȺ䠮һ[19]̫ԭ̫ԭŽ֮ˮ֮ش빵֮ռԪ̫ԭϱ֮Ż飬̫ԭֺ֮ϽųӪ֮ϰǫ[20]Щ˲ĻҵʵڵһӰˮ衰̣ͷֿ衰꣬н˰조ʥ̩Ǯׯڴб衰ˡƥ̵꣬š[21]ųӪ֮ϰǫҲһţԽͽݣ֮УռƷʹᣬɵԺ[22]̫ԭŽ֮һֱڽ̻ᵣ鹤̻ش飬һ㶼Ҫίǰ1905̫ԭ·ÿ̻Ὺʾ䡣ίŻ顢֡ռԪܹ¡[23]

ϵͽҪǾ۾Ӹũ񣬴󲿷ֱȽƶ1900ꡰ֮ʮ໧ϵƶߡ[24]ҲȽϸԣ˼ңºͽǮݿһԺ[25]

ƶũӶ࣬С˼Ҵ֪֮ʶӺ͸١[26]

۹۽ɽͽ󲿷ũϴڶȱ״̬̣Ϊ˱Ʋ˵λϵͣȫûбϣĻ̡ЩϮϽͽǸԣĻˣҲڶȱȺ塣ǴС̷Χ֮У̵Ľ˸˽⣬ѳΪճǵɲ֣Dzȱ̡

ҽáøСֵܻ¼Acta Ordinis Fratrum Minorumм¼ʱڱϾѳߵһЩϣ˵1900ͽְҵṹĻṹԼͽʽṹĽͽ825ˣϾ1024ˣһְҵ״ȷְҵ2

2   1900ɽͽְҵ״

     ְҵ

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6

 

Ů

8

 

Ա

12

11

ʦ沼Ա

2

 

ũ沼Ա

2

2

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4

7

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33

49

˰

21

 

5

 

԰չ

3

 

ʦ

1

4

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3

6

ľ

2

1

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3

 

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1

 

1

 

ѧ

2

 

ؤ

21ǰ

1

 

1

 

1

 

2

ˮ

 

1

ȵ

 

1

עͣϱActa Ordinis Fratrum Minorum.1882-1954С

 

⣬ڱĽͽУ8ѻƬ1ϴǰã2ͽ1Һܸԣ1кܴķӣ12мˣϾͽУм򻼲11ˣѻƬ13ˣѻƬ͵2ˣسϵ1ˣ2ˣÿ쵼6ˡ

Ͽ֪ͽûоʵۺĻ̶ȸߵϲǵʱеͨˡ

ͨ˵ְҵԣڽɽũСˡСֹҵ߾ӶࡣڹˣΪɽشڵأ19ĩҵд԰׶Σ20ͳŽĴΣļɽҵʼIJݴʱڣڳС֮ͨ[27]˵ʱʵĴ¹ҵĹ˺٣νĹ˴ǿ󹤡2нͽְҵũˣ˵ͽְҵṹ뵱ʱͨڵְҵṹͬ

ƶũռĽɽУääռ䣬ɽܰɽѲ׻˵µ˵ɽʡʶֵռȫʡ90%[28]ͽĻ٣ääũӶ࣬ȫϽɽ˿ڵĻṹ

ʽṹ棬ڽ̻мˣͽвмռϴ󣬼ͽȺʽṹȽϲ

ڵʽṹ棬ͽмƷв˵ˡͳƱͽеIJӺ٣Ҳ˵ʱĽͽкзѰ̻ᱣͽݱͳƣɽֻһڽͽΪѰ̻α̵̽永1873ТȾ͵һͭ걻ͽ̿ɱ£ھ˽̡[29]˵ͽȺĵʽṹڵʱɽ˿ڵĵʽṹ

ͽҲմȾϰѻƬݼأɽ̷ʼֲڣߴӹšӵܡֺ֮ͽɢͨա֮裬1882Ⱦɽȫԣũռ60%Ϊ70%80%[30]ͽĶϰ÷ӳ˵ʱ⡣

֮ͽȺĻṹڵʱ˿ڵĻṹ볯͢Ҷ̵ߺʹʿĴ̷йءڽԼ룬УҮڵϴģرĻõλߵ˶Խ̻ᡢʿǿҵĽ⣬׷ߡͽߺ֮飬鼮˵ͽǡݬ񡱡Щиɫʵﲢȫʵ

 

 

                             ߵλɽѧʷĻѧԺʿо

 

 

οף

[1][19].DZ԰ǡ־ǿࡶɽʷϡ̫ԭ:ɽ1980棬323343ҳ

[2].תԳ´й³´лϺ:Ϻ1992棬141ҳ

[3][8].ϲɽͨ־˿־:л1999棬118133ҳ

[4][5].褣Ůڽ̻ϾŮĻ֣´ࡶռ䡷,:2003棬172168ҳ

[6]. D.L.ĪϣŮڽ̡ɶĴ1989棬126ҳ

[7].ï˿ڽṹѧй˿ڳ1991棬33ҳ

[9].˿ᡷ1992棬189ҳ

[10][11].ģɽִ˿ͳойó1992棬8312ҳ

[12][29].̨оԺʷ̨̨ࣺ̰Ժʷ19741981ӡ,5641ҳ3485ҳ

[13]. ()Odorich Hemmerich Han䨷 ˷ؽʷ̫ԭֳ

[14].2005511ղɷӡ꣬70ꡣ

[15].2005523ղɷĥʯϺ75ꡣ

[16].2005524ղɷǰկ𶡣80ꡣ

[17].еίࡶеڽ־1985棬11ҳ

[18].200574ղɷöƣ73ꡣ

[20][22].̫ԭʷԡ̫ԭʷϡ171992棬224213ҳ

[21].̷ڣûʿ̷񸸼ᡷ3ҳ

[23].̫ԭ̽ɽ̫ԭӡ1940ӡУ43ҳ

[24].μɽȭʷϡ²ᣩ:йѧ1982棬774ҳ

[25].׼γϣ˶ºʷϡ3Э1985棬4ҳ

[26].͢ʯɽʷȫࡷ̫ԭɽʷȫ༭2002棬246922ҳ

[27][30].Ƽɽͨʷ[̫ԭ]:ɽ2001棬100468ҳ

[28].: ҹä֮ա,ɽڽ3,31936棬58ҳ