人еȽĵо

Ļо

人еȽĵо

˽ѧ[1]Ϊģ1935-1949

                                  

 

 

AbstractMoral education is a continuous effort: building and upgrading education activities; teachers determination of appropriate objects of moral education; creating an environment for growth;,  improving them enhancing the comprehension of moral value and the capacity of moral practice .The middle school is a critical period for moral growth. In this period, the personality develops, a world outlook and  views on life  are formed, values and  especially moral values are also established .So moral education in the school is particularly important. The moral education of Catholic secondary education in modern China is an important part of Christian secondary education. In this paper, to private schools, as the center Hankou Shangzhi Middle School (1935-1949).

I reflect on three aspects of moral education. the school environment and its influence, the moral dimension of the system school discipline management system and the spirit of the moral dimension teachers  character and their spirit. I combine the above an analysis of historical data, and hoping to discover some of the characteristics of Catholic secondary education, as well as exploring the meaning of moral education for young people today.

 

[Key words]: Catholic; Shangzhi Middle School; Moral education

 

 

йڽеȽġǻڽеȽеһҪڡЩ꣬вѧ߿ʼԻڽеȽҪڻ½ϣеȽĹעо٣ӵĽǶȽоټоеȽġǴӸIJ˽еȽķչص㡢˵Ŀ꼰еȽйĻĹϵ

 ѧһؼʱڣ˸ֵۡۡ۵ȷ͵¹۵γɶһʱʵֵġѧУرǵΪҪй̻ѧУĵЧһֱDzģҹڵһţĮ֮ӡΩ̻ѧУص[2]Ϊһ˲ģһ̶ϴٽ˽йֻĽ̡

е̴̱ĵ̴ֱֹ֮19ҶǩзԼзԼ̴̻֮תΪ𲽷չ[3]人ǽйáΡĻչһģڽ人չȽѸ١һѧУĵҲݺӡͳ1918ңʡ̻̽ѧ9,052ˣʡ4,205ˣʡ2,193ˡ[4]1948깫ѧУٷ֮ʮڱƽϺۡš人ൺ֮[5]½̲ͬǣѧУصеȽȽѧϣߵȽ

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ѧʱչҪʱڣѧ˸ֵۡۡ۵ȷ͵¹۵γɶһʱʵֵġѧУĽֱӰǵijɳѧԣѧУľõĻصʽִУ԰ʹѧ̵ܹĻʹЧҮֻ˸ܵ׻ĶӰ족[9]ڴ˻ǵƷұ֮С

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֮ճһ꼶ѧ70ˣΪְ࣬8ˡѧУķչѧ࣬Dzϵس뾭ѣУ԰ĸģ衣1938꣬вѧԼ270ˣְ17ˡսڼ䣬人󲿷ѧУתǨ1938人ݣͣꡣ[12]1940꣬ȻվĹ̻ǸУѧУչܵһ̶ȵ谭1942꣬տũũǵļͬѧѧũǵijͻ¡ũסվռѧDZȰᵽСѧСѧҲ˱ˡ[13]սѸٻָͷչγѧУģѧȫ淢չṩõʻ

ƶȱϡѧУѵ

ΪһʵЧԵʵ벻ƶȵıϡȷƶȣѧ֪ת𵽹淶ѧоֹǿɺҹʹѧ¼ֵ׼͵ʵĽӽ֤ʵʩЧ

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1ѵ

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2

ѵһҪIJ֣ҲǿѧƷеҪݡѧУͨϸIJƶȺ;淶ѧУõĵ˸͵Ʒʡ̻ѧУʮӶѧеĿ鼰

ǶѧIJеĿƶȫϸϸġȣǽѧIJѧѧҵ׼ҹѧҵɼгɼء磺ѧѧҵɼгɼΪұĵȣΪ񣬶Ϊ񣻶ѧҵв֮ѧɼ涨ֱ𽵼ѧ[17]˵гɼжȣѧҵɼѧҵɼжȣгɼѧгɼȣѧҵɼҵгɼмȣѧҵɼҵѧ[18]

ΣǶѧӷֱнͣԼѧѧϰõIJС磺Уѧ֮ѧҵУߣÿѧ֮ĩֱסҸ轱Ʒѧѣʹ׼гɼڼ׵ȣƷжΪȫУߣѧƷвѧҵߣأ֮ͽ䣺 ѵ䣬 ۷֣ ǹ [19]һССһδһ۲гɼ֮һ[20]

ٴΣǶѧгɼҲȷ涨ѧгɼѵ⣬ɸðƽʦɼ֮㣬ѵռķ֮ƽʦռķ֮һ[21]ѧõIJʵÿһλʦϣѧУЧʵʩ

Ϊ̻֮ѧУϸѵпƶȣһ̶ϿԿǿͽӽ̻ȨصȼɭϽ̹ƶȵķӳڽɫʵһֱʽ

3γ

йѧУڵγҪڸ˵ġϡ1926ġΪѧ1932굳Ʊȡ1936޶ġ񡱿Ҫԡ塱ΪģԡΪֱݣʶԡ徫ΡýΪҪѧݣӶ񵳵ţӦƺ͹ҷչҪ

ǰڵĽ̻ѧĵγҪڽ̿γСΪڽ̲ܱ⣬걸֮߼ȫڽߵ֮ҲԽ̻ѧУڽ̵Ϊ޿ƣԵڽ̽Ϊʥ̻֮֡[22]󣬽̻ѧУʱֵӰչҪʼйȡڽ̱޿γ̣ԡ񡱿ȡ֮

ΩṫʿѧУӦ൱̻֮ڽ·棬رע⡣ѧУһʩӦս°[23]Ϊ̻ѧǵĿγҲ涨ƶԡ塱Ϊָ죬ڳв͸в衰񡱿Σҳп衰ͯӾп衰ѵ19382人ǰijеĿγΪ[24]

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վռ人ڼ䣬ԸУվūֺѧУѵܵһӰ졣տܵĽһӣ˹ʿϣα񵳼ģŵİ͸ѧУٰͬͬĵĶǹȦıݽ֯ˡǹȦӺ͸ӽ[27]ЩԵʱѧֵۡۡۼ¹۵γɺͷչһĸӰ졣

һʱڵĵҪ뵽ǵĿհ˶УΪǿҵ徫Ͱ徫񡣹󰮹ʦͨʽ׷׵վūα֯ӵΩγ̹涨ÿСʱӢСʱУ䱻ȣȻδӣÿڼʹãͬѧȻȻж䷢ȤӢȴ෴ҳ£СʱΪ˺Ϻαˮ׼αϰĴΣӢĵȿơ[28]ֱսʤDzŻָչ

ǵĵҪճʵУѵΪҽ͸塱֡͡Уȫѧ˸dzӣչ˶ȣԶѧŽƴ֮񣻳ֶӣѧ֮

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ʮʦʦڽ̱ȡִʩнƸʦ¸СѧʶоĽʦԹ̺߽ѧ1948ڶѧڽְԱʸ[29]ΪԿ󲿷ֽʦǹѧƸߵʦרƱҵߣʦȽۺ

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һĽʦڽѧʵҲʮӶѧ˸͵µ1948УѺڻ¼нպʦΪ˰־Ϊ񣬹ѧʫġۡĽѧʵУ˼Ʒ½ѧʶָˡ[31]ũʦҲĻ䣺ѵ͹ĽʦũΣǽӽǣ˸˵ķ룬䵽ǵܵõЩξϵȷϢʹԹޣʱʹ˷ܡͬѧ۴Ҫսĺʱʼշԣ˽ΩִʿɥģΪսڼ䣬Ӧսֺ֡[32]ǿԿǵȷЩѧʶΪʦʦǶѧ˸͵µʮҪӰ졣

ǵְԱΪ̴Ҫͨѧѧϰѧ̣Ļڽ̻˸Ǹеҵͬѧ¼УϣڶԱҵдʮһȰдТΪеı־Ще˺͹¶Ƴе֮Դ壻ƵľȥȰͷǵĹңʹǵ˼ĻЩָ֪ʾЩ֪ǽ֪̽ϵģֻ֮ЩԭϣҵδҸκĻ̵ԭģ׵岢[33]ȵȡЩȰӳǽ̽йͳϣʹһ뵽ѧ˼롢Ϊȷ棬Դﵽѧ˸Ŀġ

УѶżԱֵ񸸣P.Carmelo dott.Paludetti.O.F.M.һλ䣺һҪѧãҪҳѧӢ⻹ѧѧǽӴĻˣ޻̸Ҳ缰ˡȻĹСձɵաĹտɥIJΪҲǺܲġܵУǷdz渺ġļƥǹѲУѧУIJƲʧУѧİȫ͸Һö͸ĽպؿҺü[34]Ҳһ淴ӳְԱľ渺̬ȺУѧõĵº˸γҲһӰ졣

վռ人ڼ䣬еƶȶҪձģʽ£ܿαձ󶨵ģҲշġСܰǹʦվĽֺʷؽ̱Ϊα֯ĶĽ̷ղΪ֮ǣƣǵవʾĹԵĴ̼ⶼǰνԼ´ı֡˵ĶֻʽĴݲУǿս־Dzġ[35]ǽʦ쵼£󰮹ѧӷ׷֯ʽգ˼롣ͬѧԴ³Ѹ˵ڸи꼶֯ˡ̳硯˶¿뼾ȡΪػġѿ桷ʯաȣڰ˼룬ʱ֡[36]

йĽ2050ȫĽ̻ѧУ½ӹܣ̻ѧУӴҲͽйзչʷѧҲ1953걻ӹܣΪ人еѧ

Ϊ人̻ѧһ֧֮㣬걸ĽѧʩϸĽѧѵƶȣ㾡ְĽʦȡĽѧ͵ЧΪ˴ѧӡҵĶ֮šǸ52ҵУѻʱ˵ѧʱɳҪʱڣӲµëӵʮ˾Ѫ꣬ۡ۳γɵʱڣ¹˼ƷΪ˴ѡ̬ȺγɵʱڣȤáγʱڣǵ춨Ļѧʱڣdzʱڣǵȫɳʱڡѧ縺ΣʦǶѧԴ̡DZĬľ޽Ӫѧȫ淢չûڶʦ£ѧγֱϡ׷ѧѧϽѧϰŨʦֿУ磬˵ѧѬյһ԰޽ɳĵظмĸУѧʦĸУʦûݲ[37]

1953ӹܺDzµķչʱڣҲʱڣȡ˶ҹٷչȫ򻯵ƣͳĹܵµĵ¹͵¹淶в졣γеۡۺͼֵ۶һӰ죬ѧҲһЩ⡢صսݹѧĵڽҹѧĿչҲʮҪĽ塣

                                    

 

                                 ߵλ ѧ빫ѧԺ

 

 

ο

 

[1] ı. ۹ֻʷϡ̻[M]ѧ1987.

[2] ѧѯ. йʷѧο²[M]1987.

[3] . ̽йǨ[M]1996.

[4] 죬Ƥ . 人ʷ[Ž][M]1999.

[5] ֣. йγʷ[M]2004.

[6] ̴. ԭ[M]ʦѧ2006.

[7] ³,. [M]ս2002.

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    



[1] ѧں·⻪·ĽᴦǰǴ1903ĵ»ѧáһս󣬺ڵ类ջأ»ѧҲӹܸΪʡѧ1923УΪʡѧ1933ʡϣͣEugenis masiáڲӵ¹ѧõ»ѧȫȨ1935ڵ»ѧԭַһУΪ˽dzѧ1938вʽΪ˽ѧ1953걻ӹܣΪ人еѧ

[2]¹̽лԱȫ顷ء̽¿19302

[3] 죬Ƥ ࣺ人ʷ[Ž]1999132ҳ~133ҳ

[4] ģʮ꣨1918-1921ͳƸʡѧء½IJᣬ192211¡

[5] ģ[]£йѧУڵֲ֮ءȫ̽Ҫ1948

[6] 죬Ƥ ࣺ人ʷ[Ž]1999135ҳ~137ҳ

[7]ᳫѧУءʥ־2510ڣ193610£557ҳ

[8] ţʥҪѧУҪءѧУ329ڣ1937121ա

[9] ţʥҪѧУҪءѧУ329ڣ1937121ա

[10] Ԫࣺ人еǰѧ人ʷϵھż136ҳ

[11] Ƽ֮䡷ءѧ36ͬѧ¼1947人еݲأעԣںbG321130ҳ롣

[12] ġ人еѧУ־֮һ1903-1993ء֮人а꡷人20033~4ҳ

[13] ijԪࣺ人еǰѧ人ʷϵھż138~139ҳ

[14]˽dzѧѧ򡷡һܸ һں9-31-193ҳ롣

[15]˽dzѧñ֮һѵʵʩΡ12ں9-31-193ҳ롣

[16]˽dzѧñ֮һѵʵʩΡ345ں9-31-193ҳ롣

[17]˽dzѧУ뿪츽򡷣³ɼʮʮں9-31-193ҳ롣

[18]˽dzѧ³̡׼ߡˡšʮں9-31-193ҳ롣

[19]˽dzѧ³̡͡һͱ׼ڶ͡ ں9-31-193ҳ롣

[20]˽dzѧ³̡׼ʮں9-31-193ҳ롣

[21]˽dzѧ³̡׼ʮں9-31-193ҳ롣

[22] 󣺡ڽȨءʥ־194ڣ1930

[23] ŻʹѧУ̻ءѧУ20ڣ1935111ա

[24]人еѧУ־֮һ1903-1993ء֮人а꡷人20037ҳ

[25] ģ˽dzѧñ֮γ̱ں9-31-193ҳ롣

[26] ͬڡ

[27] Ԫࣺ人еǰѧ人ʷϵھż139ҳ

[28]人еѧУ־֮һ1903-1993ء֮人а꡷人200310ҳ

[29]˽ѧУʮȵڶѧְԱͳƱαѧְԱᡷں69-5-7140ҳ

[30]αѧְԱνлʮ¡¡ں69-5-70ҳ롣

[31] 壺·ˡء֮人а꡷人2003124ҳ

[32]ʷءѧ1947бҵͬѧ¼ 1947꡷ںbG321:131ҳ롣

[33] ϣʣԭΪӢģءѧеҵѧ¼ 1944꡷ںbG321:129ҳ롣

[34] ż룺տµġѧء֮人а꡷人2003118ҳ

[35] ͬ١

[36] Ԫࣺ人еǰѧ人ʷϵھż140ҳ

[37]人еѧУ־֮䣩˽ѧ1935-1953ء֮人а꡷人200328ҳ