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Abstract: The relationship between Israelites and God is based on how they respond to the covenant God made with them in the history of salvation. If they were faithful and had an obedient attitude before God, the result is Gods blessing.  Metaphorically stated the Shepherds Rod guided them on a righteous way. On the contrary, if they broke the covenant, Gods judgement would come on them in a negative way.  The Shepherds staff was a symbol of this. 

God is the leader who guided the Israelite to the promised land of Canaan. On the way he made a Holy War upon the gentiles to fulfill His promise for the sake of shaping the Israelite community, and preparing the way for the redemption of all human beings.

By expounding the context of Joshua in detail, we see the fulfillment of the covenant with Israel is finally and fully achieved in the act of Atonement by Jesus Christ.

 

 

 

һ    ʥԼάϵɫŦ

    ʥеʥԼCovenant ɫɫ˫Э顣ھԼУ͵ԼӦ֮Լ֮Լǰ߷ӳǰ֮Լʹζ֮ԼУ߷ӳɫ֮ԼС1ζ֮ԼDavidic CovenantһӦ֮ԼӦζԵţ1ңжϵij2ȣĬһͳΣ34ԶĹΡʮ롱֮ԼꣷΪ֮ԼָɫӺ˳ɷͽſԵİףη̬ȶԴҪɫĻɷϵۺ䳼ԼɷĴΪ˺ԼԼǣľɵɷĽͬ޿ɷʮУΪͬľá2ѧΪȻԼ𣬵ʵƽȵ˫߹ϵԼkĴ໥ϵ˵˫Э飬ġԼԶԶȷǸԼҪḻ͸߱ԻĹԣ׵ķɺԼԶԶ֮ԼԻʽ˫ŵԺЭĻϣҪŵԺͳеݡǣɫɵ֮ԼģΪɫӵkkŵף

    ʵĻҽԸһнʹԶе28:1

    Ȼ̫ǷЭһΣ󳬺kŵķΧ޿صر֤ʣ̫ˣעԶѡεصkԼkŵս޿صصԶ֡

   ұмǫѷƶİգDZš

ѳ˶ĶɨijУɫеľм䣬ٲֻ! 3:1215ޣ111-12

 ֮ԼǽԻΪ˵ɫ֮Լ֮ĹϵһֽͳΣζŵԺĽʣͨйıʽɫеĻʷϣеնǴ֮ԼݱôԼĿʲôأڸʱУоηˣΪɣ1035ʥⲻ˴˺ϵصõʥԮҪһ壬ʶkϵ·kΪԼѡɫ壬ԼѵԼԼļƻʾʷУΪԼʥһжΪ׼ԤʾʥȡԣҪʵֵĸԲʾҪڻɵԼ3󹫻ذ̽ΪɫԼּ˳ΪŽľʵ֡ʵ˵Ժʱ洦ֳСţʹԼƻ˵ʥ㿴Ķ˵ķʷ壬ѡɫ嶼ˡ͵öʹһǿ壬ά޸ƻԼԣȶΪ˹ᴩʥһ⡣ 񼣨Anselm GnthörΪʥǾԼ˾塰saddikԼѡԼйصģȶʷйصġģΪkصkԼԵkޱȣӽ1113ڵkͷѡijкͲҵĵϣɼk壬kιԼ516ԼһˣΪѡһӵˣԼζҪ󼰰ĻҲģ仰˵һԱţģӽ3717[4]ھԼҳϼ˳еĹϵֻҳ˳ϵĻϣſΪ壬ףõ϶ĸɫҪӦ۵֮أͱκkɵʥԼϵľٶˡʥսʥԼĻչġɫIJ壬ʥԼ⵽ƻDzȫӦ֮أǿijͷҲٵǣΨлڸķ޸ƻԼ

ʥսѡӦIJʵ

Ȼν֮ʥսԭּµıѪ֮ʥսɫԼָؽ̵֣䲻ɱشսɫʣս塢ʡĿȴȻͬʥıһߡ

ɫǰʥԼагм̵ΪҵӦ

ǰɷԺǰ˵ڵĵطϱۿ㿴ĵطҶҪԶ͸ĺᡣҪʹĺϵĻҳϵĻҳҲĺᡣݺ߱أΪҪش͸㡣13:1417 

ڽӦ֮ǰȻԿΪIJҵĸ֣16ȻԵkʵضɫӦϵأɫ俪ʼʮĿҰƯѧΪھԼУDZ𣬶ǷľȶΪkʼԼɫԼһֵأն顷ıΪǿԿһϵģʽһһΪĽṹͷ䡣111£ǿһġʥսָӦ֮صḶ́12-4µļ͡12DZԴΪɡĽβӵ13¿ʼгһ󴮻δ֮صʾʵϲδɣкܳƪ֧ͬɺӳǵķɵȵȣβնΪ˽͵£ȰһҪη·ʱǻᾪطն顷µƪǵ̣ȴֻ¼9͵10ǵ̡ԣնȽϵصشȻϱţһܺõغϺ߼ķֿսۡ߰ķ˰մԼϰȡӶռҮǣԹǵսȻijɹɫڶȡӶʱδֿ˵ԼӵĶ棬dzɹԼŵĵطһ¼ʽĽ룬ԼΪǷֿ캣Ϊ÷ɪһֿһDZıʾȻͬڣkǣͬȥӰһ5ڻӶеĸһʾԼһ֣ͬԼ֪ʥսҪɹҪʾĺ˳Үǵĵȡɫ˸ҪսֻռսĹΪͬڵ񣬵kԸԼΪkսʵһ¼Ե6Ǿи߶ȷԵһ¡ڹȡǵʱɻ鷢ˣ

˳ɱԼʮˣӳǰ׷ǣֱ׷꣬бɱǣ˰յˮһɢˡն˺Լ·ɫеijϣԼǰڵأһֱϣͷϻն˵ΪʲôնɹԼӣΪǽڰĦУ𣿰ͲסԼDZߵ! ɫ˼Ȼɵǰתܣһ˵ʲôأɺ˺طеľ˵£ΧǣӵϽǵĨȥʱĴҪأ7:59

ɫһս36ˣʷϵڶսǵʧͲֵһᣬΪʲô˰ʹ鿼ʥĹϵ֪ǰɷĽ˽˹ǵսƷӶʹɫս⵽ijͷ̽ѡΪʲôҪܵͷ֮ǰDZɫӦ֮صġʥսԣ

     1ʥսսɫս20:34ɫУ!ǽҪ󹥴ǵijУDzҪģҪ£ҪֻţҪǰսΪǵͬȥǹǵijУʹʤʥս岻ɫkԼѡ壬սԲμӵʥսսͬնġ 5

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  3ûнʣΪɫ׷սһеսƷضkеkӦ棬kʥҪɫԵk˳˽»ֲƲʹʥսȡĵսƷҲģkصkӦĽûйϷֵȨʽɹõʵӲʱеĹ涨ʵУ3261432ϴȰ㵱ʱľ˵Լãթ·314ǰ97

 4ɫֻɽٽеսκδ۹塱ɫʵս25£ζͳ˿г֮صżƻʱ󷢷ŭ߽ɫСζ̳ܼƽǵأɫмֻƽϢ

  5ʥս֪Ļ˲ܾǷ񷢶սɫսǰ֪ɷΪڳȼǺ񳤼жԿ鷢ºһʾεͽͺ󣬾ͳȻصɫӪ˵Ϊѽ׵ӪĻˡ 񳤼715

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    ͨʥսԵһЩܽᣬǿ֪ɫӦ֮صḶ́ȫٵḶ́ġȡǰСԵ۹ӣɷ﾿ô𣬾±ʯͷǷ̫ڲпͲ飿DZصϣĻᄈȥΪϣ˵ļԣϣǿձԡɫ˲ǴӾĵ򵥸гȡij󣬶ʵʵԣѾڲ˸Ѿ̫ϰڴӸDzֶձԵ˼˸񻯣PersonifikationijĶһ󡣵ˣձԡ˼г㣬Ͱ˹ͬԣȺͬ־ӡǡܹһͳһжҲܹһͳһ7˵ʱ֪÷ɪ֮Լģʮ͵ĽҲӦȻأͬʱҲӦ֪ڵµijͷѬ͵֮£һȱµĶӡһȾᵼ¶帣𺦣ɫ֪Լ̰ĻҪijЩɵIJƽȴ(5311)ʵ֮ڵ()͸ɵĸԤ(壬) м˵ҪƻѰĴ˵ɫļԺձԹɱ˰ɡҪڴŭijͷ߹ڸǣֻмңԶĽĻľ꣬ΪֻȫˡھԼֱӷࡰʥսԴʵֵkɫӦkϾɱһЩѧоDZŭͲ񣬶ŵkĺ޶͹еڵkʥʹС8kʲôƽѵtԲǣΪk÷ɪ˵ҪģͶҪģ9:14k˭ϡҵĴܣΪʹҵȫ917kkѡġּͬڡʰĵԸ׼ȫľԮԶصʩݣΪԼѡһ壬Ѷи 9 ġȡǣ͵kԼʵʹɫڿҰƯʮڿɽӦ֮صŴǰɶĸɫӦ֮Լʵ֣ǰʿһһҲǸԸˣΪ˵۹⿴Dzܵģ̫ˣôСȻŸΪһС壬ȴǸū塣¼ˣǻص֮أն°벿ǰʵӦȷʵʵˣĽǿӦ֮أһDZõأһ鲻еأһδר׬ȡӮõأǽĶʵֵġΨһľ㹻ҳϺ˳ػѧԴΪĻͽڻʮƣͽDzõģŻƾܣǵġݹնǰ벿նģͬȱ÷ɪɫսһԳֻһξգȻǰУȷֻ֪¡ǣϵصļʮ֮УֻǹռһЩбΪؼƻɫȥסȥӹƻֻҪdzǵľȥɡЩڷŹ֮ǰӶˣijһӺ־ɫԡɫ繣µĶIJ˳ӣֻ˲Ӧ֮ءն顷벿һδռ֮ص嵥ʱնѾȥսȻ7ֻ˰ʵIJ˳ӣʵ϶߿ȡһưɴƶϳ˳ڵʱһôձڵΡ񳤼127ԿɫеǶô׾ӡ֮ʹߵݣǴʱȴһֱΪ˱ߣһֱսĿຣСĽϽʱȡõĵԽԽС˵ԼӱߣDZȰøصȺһ˵ͼֻдζŤת棬ɫһοеӦ֮ءޣϣ˵ÿ˵ȨȨǣÿ˵Ȩλģλֵкʷ˶õǸλֵȡʵλ͸õλDZڿԵĹбֳԼĵСûʵλDZܣΪΥλֲеĵ򣬴ӶԼĵλرͷˡԣرĵΪͷֵģ˳ͷ弰֮ϵ⡣10ɫûŵ¼кѡְ𣬴ӶҽԼǰĵλݣɫرDzȫȻռӦ֮أӦ˵kڻ335556Ļ

Dzѵصľǰµľ񣬱ҪΪǵд̣룬סĵطȺǣҴԴǣҲҪԴǡ

ɫΥˡʥսҪ󣬵δȫǷתΪĵˡɱǣڵʱɫ繣棬ֻֽܹӦ֮ء

ȫ߻ʵԼ

    ʥԼһɫĿǷͲȫԣǶľDzʵ֣޶Լıʵֵķʽʥӻɫ񡪡ȫߡȫʵʥԼ

ѧһµĴУmoral beingӵ֪ǻۡ鼰־ˣһǰĵ±ġ˵ʹ˵ĵ±Զ䣬˲ȫȻĵµϵϣ˲ҪֻΪһֹغ֮û򽻻̬ȣĩҪﵽɫɫںϣضء縸ӵĹϵǿ϶ģԸ϶ҳϵ͸й壬Լȫȫ׸̫ϣ˼봫ͳȴ˵IJȫʵԣ̫ܾ̾ܡӦãܹһѧ֮෴̫ƣܹѾ˵̫ij̶ֳϵ۵Ľһ棬̫̲ϸǣҪ˵ܹ硣ƾвʷ˳ŻʹֵñȡĬǾζţʹ˲ŬҲȲ磻ζţʷ䱾壬ȴԴġ11ѧΪĵʱҲΪͻΪԵġȪԴҪءˣ϶ΪĵԣֻΪ򣬻ΪܵĻΧѹǿȻжȵȣǴġЩΪ䱾۴ںλкĹϵزµġ磬ģıɱͨ顣ܲΪõһƶ񡣡12˵ĶıΪij֡ơ񣬡ն顷еİʾһձĴԼġơһ塪ֹ͵ĶʧͿġ󡱡һֵ޵Ϊһͽ»̾

 Ҳ֪ƲڣҵڣΪƣʵȴơ
ˣԸƣҲȥУԸĶȴȥԸģȥôѲ£ڵҷɣԸΪƵʱаҡΪҵģϲķɣǣҷҵ֫ڣһɣͬķɽս°ȥ֫ڵķɡ治ѽ!˭ܾ
tлǵҮջȥķɣȥķɡ7:197:25

˵ĶһԵ⡣µIJأ̿Ωƾʵ֮ڵ()͸ɵĸԤ(壬)һ;4521)˵Ķ͡ԼйĹ뱣»(11735-26)ָ֮գҪ٣ֻнܻĸܻáһʵııȫŤתеij٣෴ȴȫõǴҮջӶǰõĸ˱ڱġ̰ İ޺Үյ֣ʾԼڵk˵ʥϣձȷʵزΨһܹȶʥ֣ܱ˺ΪŽk˽ϣ˼䣬ûд±֣ʹԵþȵģ412ҪڻʹԼͺáҮյĸ˾֣ΪҮյȫ˵kߵҮյʥǻͽĺġ13Үĵʦ(ɽʥѵ)񼸣ʥʷǿеõͷţб»ͽΪһݶͣľȶжʥʷ·Ϊ˶ľηá»ΪĶͣڻ֮ھ֮(521-23)岢ʾǿΪǴﵽ;ⷽ񼸣صɪ(ǵɷ) (119)Ϊ⣬ͽͳΪȺ(510)ԼҪ廹ҽ(2425)šʰ(ǰ611)ҲǴƾȼõͬ(99-10)ƽе(Ĭ1911)ЩΪڽѧıȻҪѧУµ࣬ΪҪӦõȨ档νӦò˵ÿȫһʱDZԵĵֻͬһЩȫƽȵ¼УȫƽȵĿԣһЩͬ£ÿȨij̶ȼֱˡ֪ȫƽȿDzڵģȴij̬ȴпΪӽǵIJͬʹ˶IJ֮֮IJ壬ȻǻľʹʶȫƽȡǿԻĻӦŵ²ſʹ֮

ŵ²вָͬȶ

˹壨ThomismĴͳΪ˲ܽԵۺ;Ĺ֤ΪdzԽ˵뾭ģ壨unconditional subjectΨһܶе롣ѰȴֻĤݸġģżĻʷǵʵ˿ӵйĹȴûȻ֪ʶnatural knowledge˵໥Ĭֻơ14Үվ̵Ѵʲôأڡͽƣ

磬ԼĶӣʹ˲ɥΪûDzӵ磬ΪȡŴģУDzŵģУΪûŴӵ֡3:16-18

ҮԼƵkѵġ635Ĺ⡱812⣬ǡˡ102ô򡱻ˡ˵ġȡǣš򡱵·͹̡šš棬ѻһŵ£ҮգǰӲĽɫתߵĽɫŵУ˵Ǻ־ĶһΪ־ܵƶ£ʾͬ⡯ȻŵҲĿʼŵʹԤٸֱ۵ϲú⣬ڴþӵĿꡣѧҲȷ桰ŵװ״˵Ķ裬пʧ޼֮15ԣȻж㸲ΪΣգֻҪˣΪ޵ıʹȻøԵ˵һĮʥ𲽼ʱѪ⵱Ȼ׷Լ档ò֣ܲתȡԼĿУʱԵ̰ԲԡҪѰΣĸоγġ16ϣʼնijغͼС˵ġȡ롰̰ʼնڡ򡱵ͷǰûŵ±۵ģῴɥȡʹüĻĿʹתӦڵλϣһֱʽѪջ׷ԼʱĹܣԶ֮Լһ˳ɫڽӦ֮ʱԼıͶIJʹնͣҪԼ2425-27ν֪ڶϤ˵ȱݺ󣬿ԵĿ¶һȰ棬ԼϤijͷ˲ظһֽơϧɫ񲻾þ֮Ժˣʷ֪ǿƪ˶ŵµɥʧܹͷİ

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                                ߵλ Ĵѧڽоо

 

 

 

עͣ

    עʥĽԳ˼߰ʥ֮ȡ̰͡ʥӽ23

1ݡoshe weinfeld,The Covenant of Grant in the Old Testament and the Ancient Near East, P 69 , 1991.

2 ˹.ϵ۴𣿡ϵ֮ش𡷣¾ۣ磬P4022003

3ݡٸոԵڶ󹫻סϺϺ磬   P10

4ݣ۵£Anselm GnthörӦµѧ 룬ۣ磬1998P76

5ݡʥеƶȺϰס˼ʥѧ磬1987P137

6ݡʥеƶȺϰס˼ʥѧ磬1987P152

7ݣŲ.ϣϣ˼Ƚϡ 룬ϺϺ磬P792007

8ݲGerhard von Rad,Holy War in Ancient Israle,trans.and edited by M.J.Dawn,Grand Rapids:Eerdmans,1991.

9ݡٸոԵڶ󹫻סϺϺ磬P94  

10ݣ۵£ݱ.ϣϣѡι⻦ѡ࣬Ϻ꣬P2971999

11ݣDz.˵ϵۡѡ 룬ɽɽѧ磬P3552003

12ݲΡ̽ӱŵң    P420-4222000

13ݲΡ̽ӱŵң    P104-1052000

14ݲ 룺ϵ۵ˡۣ磬P113-1141993

15Ρ̽ӱŵң    P42-452000

16ʹߣʥͽѧĻ磬P38

17ݣ۷ ˹˹˼¼룬磬P1422007

18 ۹ϣ ͼ 룬ӡݣP4162002

19 ۵£ģۡ 룬꣬P281-2822007

20ݣ۹ϣ ͼ 룬ӡݣP2132002